Stillingia sylvatica

Family:EUPHORBIACEAE
Species:Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
Common Name:Queen's Delight; Queen's Root; Yawroot
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:STSY
Plant Notes:Queen's Delight is a native herbaceous perennial in the Spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). It is native to the southern half of Alabama. Queen's Delight occurs in sandhills, in scrub oak woods, in dry sandy pine forests, and on roadside banks. It is a perennial with a woody rhizome. Each root crown produces 1-many upright to ascending stems. The stems are green in color, glabrous, and usually unbranched. Leaves are alternate, short petiolate, ovate to lanceolate or elliptic in outline, glabrous, with serrate margins. The stems and leaves exude a sticky white latex when injured. This latex quickly dries when exposed to the air and helps seal wounds and glue the mouth parts of insect herbivores closed. Flowers are produced in a bisexual terminal spike with female flowers below the male flowers. Each inflorescence has 3-4 green pistillate flowers with 3 sepals and no petals, and 4-7 yellowish-green staminate flowers with 2 sepals and no petals. The fruit is a 3-locular capsule.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyEUPHORBIACEAE - Spurge family
Genus Stillingia
Species Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus - Queen's Delight; Queen's Root; Yawroot

Citation

Citation STILLINGIA SYLVATICA Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 126. 1767.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, Garden s.n. (lectotype: LINN 1147.1). Lectotypified by Reveal, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Regnum Veg. 127: 91. 1993.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Sapium sylvaticum Sapium sylvaticum (Linnaeus) Torrey, in Emory, Rep. U.S. Mex. Bound. 2(1): 201. 1858 ("1859").Stillingia sylvatica Linnaeus 1767. 
Stillingia angustifolia Stillingia angustifolia (Müller Argoviensis) Engelmann ex S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 18: 154. 1883.Stillingia sylvatica Linnaeus, var. angustifolia Müller Argoviensis 1866. 
Stillingia lanceolata Stillingia lanceolata Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2. 5: 176. 1837. ARKANSAS: Sebastian Co.: Belle Point, Fort Smith, s.d., Pitcher s.n. (holotype: PH?; isotype: NY).
Stillingia salicifolia Stillingia salicifolia (Torrey) Rafinesque, Atl. J. 146. 1832.Stillingia sylvatica Linnaeus, var. salicifolia Torrey 1827. 
Stillingia smallii Stillingia smallii Wooten & Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 19: 405. 1915, nom. illegit.Stillingia salicifolia (Torrey) Rafinesque 1832; Stillingia sylvatica Linnaeus, var. salicifolia Torrey 1827. 
Stillingia sylvatica subsp. tenuis Stillingia sylvatica Linnaeus, subsp. tenuis (Small) D. J. Rogers, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 38: 241. 1951.Stillingia tenuis Small 1905. 
Stillingia sylvatica var. angustifolia Stillingia sylvatica Linnaeus, var. angustifolia Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1158. 1866. FLORIDA
Stillingia sylvatica var. genuina Stillingia sylvatica Linnaeus, var. genuina Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1158. 1866, nom. inadmiss.Stillingia sylvatica Linnaeus 1767. 
Stillingia sylvatica var. salicifolia Stillingia sylvatica Linnaeus, var. salicifolia Torrey, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 2: 245. 1827. Without data, James s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by D. J. Rogers, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 38: 239. 1951.
Stillingia sylvatica var. spathulata Stillingia sylvatica Linnaeus, var. spathulata Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1158. 1866.  
Stillingia tenuis Stillingia tenuis Small, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 3: 429. 1905. FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Between Homestead and Camp Jackson, 4-11 May 1904, Small & Wilson 1580 (holotype: NY; isotype: NY).
Stillingia spathulata Stillingia spathulata (Müller Argoviensis) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 704, 1333. 1903.Stillingia sylvatica Linnaeus, var. spathulata Müller Argoviensis 1866. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Elmore, Escambia, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Henry, Lee, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Perry, Pike, Russell, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2010 - 2010

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
3287 Lee 16 MAY 1954 JONES, CHARLES L.
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
TROY000004804 Pike 30 Jul 1996 Jeanese Holmes
233
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
USAM000006090 Clarke 04 Jun 1970 Robert Kral
39706
USAM
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
45180 Russell 11 MAY 1979 SIMMS, F. H.
84
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
UWAL0015486 Wilcox 17 Jun 2014 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Stillingia sylvatica L.
JSU125351 Washington 3 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39580
JSU
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
TROY000004799 Dale 10 Jun 2000 Tiffany Pennington
793
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
48082 Bullock 13 MAY 1978 MASON, HUGH
119
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
USAM000006086 Baldwin 18 May 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8460B
USAM
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
53145 Butler 2 JUL 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5934
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
21282 Lee 16 MAY 1970 BENIWAL, S. P.
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
JSU125343 Baldwin 11 Jun 1997 D. D. Spaulding
9894
JSU
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
12335 Baldwin 1 MAY 1965 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
2247
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
JSU125348 Greene 2 May 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10726
JSU
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
TROY000004796 Bullock 08 Aug 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13517
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
JSU125344 Baldwin 26 Jul 1968 S. C. Johnson
49-87
JSU
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
JSU125345 Choctaw 3 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39654
JSU
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
19134 Macon 24 JUN 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
234-69
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
TROY000033779 Marengo 04 Jun 2010 J. Kevin England
2527
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
49892 Crenshaw 25 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6108
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
3310 Lee 12 MAY 1964 CREEL, JOHN
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
UWAL0002799 Butler 24 Apr 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21965
UWAL
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
3283 Lee 12 MAY 1953 EDEN, JR., THOMAS M.
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
42458 Macon 15 JUL 1972 HYBART, MICHAEL G.
135
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
TROY000004800 Dale 31 May 1997 Hannelore Rundell
227
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
USAM000006087 Mobile 04 May 1968 D.L. Scott
172
USAM
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
14245 Lee 11 MAY 1966 SEARCY, JAMES W.
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
TROY000004797 Coffee 09 May 2000 Brian H. Martin
709
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
JSU125346 Clarke 24 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14324
JSU
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
TROY000004802 Monroe 27 May 2001 Robert Kral
91206
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
58876 Pike 1999 MARTIN, BRIAN
121
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
TROY000019027 Sumter 14 May 2007 Brian R. Keener
3603
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
3286 Lee 1924 ANONYMOUS
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
49331 Montgomery 12 JUN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5015
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
UNA00060139 Hale 4 Jun 2003 Robert R. Haynes
10400
UNA
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex L.
TROY000004801 Dale 26 Apr 1998 Hannelore Rundell
559
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
USAM000006088 Mobile 04 May 1968 D.L. Scott
164
USAM
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
UNA00020152 Perry 9 Jul 1987 Robert R. Haynes
9237
UNA
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex L.
TROY000004803 Pike 01 Apr 1999 Brian H. Martin
121
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
17631 Macon 27 JUN 1969 THORNHILL, RANDY
52
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
TROY000029616 Baldwin 27 May 2009 Terry Wayne Barger
605
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
JSU125349 Lee 11 May 1964 Gene A. Bozarth
s.n.
JSU
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
UWAL0039301 Henry 23 Jun 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27501
UWAL
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
UWAL0034585 Coffee 05 Jun 1995 Kral, R.
84870
UWAL
Stillingia sylvatica Garden
UNA00062306 Hale 15 Jun 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11967
UNA
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex L. subsp. sylvatica
43930 Conecuh 10 JUN 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2569
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
70526 Washington 29 MAY 2010 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6055
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
UWAL0030298 Choctaw 18 Jul 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9010
UWAL
Stillingia sylvatica L.
TROY000032766 Butler 24 Apr 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21965
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
63399 Hale 15 JUN 2003 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
11967
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L. ssp. SYLVATICA
UWAL0035641 Mobile 06 Jun 2014 Horne, Howard E.
2565
UWAL
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
JSU125350 Mobile 3 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39615
JSU
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
UWAL0016458 Autauga 12 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25176
UWAL
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
3281 Lee 23 APR 1955 MILLER, W. W.
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
USAM000006089 Baldwin 18 May 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8479B
USAM
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
63004 Hale 23 MAY 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
13930
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
5462 Baldwin 20 JUN 1968 BURTTRAM, A. KENNETH
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
TROY000039322 Autauga 12 Jun 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25176
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
50693 Crenshaw 4 MAY 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6870
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
UNA00020154 Lee 21 Jun 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7851
UNA
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex L.
TROY000032342 Washington 29 May 2010 Brian R. Keener
6055
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
TROY000037131 Bullock 19 Apr 2012 Bailee Dykes
553
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
UNA00020153 Chilton 9 Jul 1987 Robert R. Haynes
9207
UNA
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex L.
TROY000004798 Crenshaw 30 May 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11704
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
TROY000036168 Barbour 01 Jun 2012 Eric W. Minton
34
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
24365 Chilton 19 MAY 1972 REDMOND, BILL
43
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
UWAL0012628 Bullock 19 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0553
UWAL
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
TROY000043966 Henry 23 Jun 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27501
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
UNA00061119 Tuscaloosa 11 May 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11844
UNA
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex L.
43931 Escambia 10 JUN 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2567
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
UNA00020150 Mobile 30 May 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D922
UNA
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex L.
26461 Geneva 7 JUN 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
35093
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
TROY000019026 Hale 15 Jun 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11967
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
UWAL0037724 Baldwin 18 May 1975 Lelong, Michel G.
8460.2
UWAL
Stillingia sylvatica Garden
TROY000043528 Choctaw 18 Jul 2015 Brain R. Keener
9010
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
TROY000036012 Barbour 01 Jun 2012 Eric W. Menton
34
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
37133 Covington 9 JUN 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
174
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
UWAL0001034 Washington 29 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6055
UWAL
Stillingia sylvatica L.
TROY000042725 Coffee 19 Jun 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26515
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
UNA00020151 Mobile _ May 1883 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex L.
21281 Macon 24 MAY 1970 DAVIDSON, JOHN
136
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
UWAL0019133 Choctaw 08 Jun 1996 Kral, R.
85987
UWAL
Stillingia sylvatica L.
TROY000019024 Hale 23 May 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13930
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
56468 Pike 12 AUG 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
51215
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
TROY000019028 Tuscaloosa 11 May 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11844
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
UWAL0007630 Sumter 14 May 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3603
UWAL
Stillingia sylvatica L.
TROY000019025 Hale 04 Jun 2003 Robert R. Haynes
10400
TROY
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
JSU125347 Elmore 30 Jul 1978 R. Kral
62337
JSU
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
19418 Henry 25 MAY 1971 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1173
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
UWAL0002666 Marengo 04 Jun 2010 England, J. Kevin
2527
UWAL
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex Linnaeus
46157 Pike 26 JUN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3373
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
UNA00067048 Sumter 14 May 2007 Brian R. Keener
3603
UNA
Stillingia sylvatica Garden ex L.
3285 Lee 21 MAY 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
UWAL0007629 Crenshaw 26 May 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19335
UWAL
Stillingia sylvatica L.
23989 Chilton 20 MAY 1971 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
722
AUA
STILLINGIA SYLVATICA GARDEN EX L.
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: