Acalypha gracilens

Family:EUPHORBIACEAE
Species:Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
Common Name:Slender Three Seed Mercury; Short Stalk Copperleaf
Habitat:Open woodlands and disturbed areas.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Slender Three Seed Mercury is a native herbaceous annual in the Spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). It occurs throughout Alabama. Slender Three Seed Mercury occurs in sandy pine and pine-hardwood forests, in dry hardwood forests, on rock outcrops, in prairies, and in disturbed dry areas. It is an annual with a tap root. Stems are erect, pubescent, branched, and green or reddish brown in color. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, elliptic to lanceolate or linear in outline, pubescent, with serrate to sub-entire margins. Flowers are produced in bisexual axillary spikes. The inflorescence is subtended by a leaf-like bract with triangular teeth. Pistillate flowers are basal on the inflorescence. Individual pistillate flowers have 3-5 sepals, no petals, and a 3-locular ovary. Staminate flowers have 4 sepals, no petals, and 8-16 stamens. The fruit is a capsule.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, G5 (Global Rank)
References:**

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyEUPHORBIACEAE - Spurge family
Genus Acalypha
Species Acalypha gracilens A. Gray - Slender Three Seed Mercury; Short Stalk Copperleaf

Citation

Citation ACALYPHA GRACILENS A. Gray, Manual 408. 1848.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Rugel s.n. (lectotype: GH). Lectotypified by G. A. Levin, Syst. Bot. 23: 285. 1999.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Acalypha gracilens var. delzii Acalypha gracilens A. Gray, var. delzii Lill. W. Miller, Sida 3: 447. 1969. ARKANSAS: Hot Springs Co.: Bismarck, 14 Jul 1957, Demaree 39432 (holotype: SMU; isotypes: GH, KANU, OKL).
Acalypha virginica var. ovalifolia Acalypha virginica Linnaeus, var. ovalifolia Riddell, New Orleans Med. Surg. J. 9: 612. 1853. LOUISIANA: Orleans Par.: New Orleans,
Acalypha virginica var. gracilescens Acalypha virginica Linnaeus, var. gracilescens Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 870. 1866, nom. illegit.Acalypha virginica Linnaeus, var. gracilens (A. Gray) Müller Argoviensis 1865; Acalypha gracilens A. Gray 1848. 
Acalypha virginica var. fraseri Acalypha virginica Linnaeus, var. fraseri Müller Argoviensis, Linnaea 34: 45. 1865. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Fraser s.n. (holotype: G-DC).
Acalypha virginica var. gracilens Acalypha virginica Linnaeus, var. gracilens (A. Gray) Riddell, New Orleans Med. Surg. J. 9: 612. 1853.Acalypha gracilens A. Gray 1848. 
Acalypha virginica var. ramosa Acalypha virginica Linnaeus, var. ramosa Riddell, New Orleans Med. Surg. J. 9: 613. 1853. LOUISIANA
Acalypha gracilens var. fraseri Acalypha virginica Linnaeus, var. fraseri Müller Argoviensis, Linnaea 34: 45. 1865. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Fraser s.n. (holotype: G-DC).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Franklin, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lee, Lowndes, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Walker

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
33120 Bibb 10 AUG 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
313
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
UWAL0030961 Henry 14 Aug 1998 Kral, R.
87614
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens Gray
JSU120865 Cherokee 7 Sep 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15645
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0007526 Talladega 19 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3976
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0034865 Monroe 18 Jul 1995 Kral, R.
85349
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens A.Gray
34414 Covington 10 OCT 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
JSU120879 Jefferson 17 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7293
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0016742 Pike 28 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25395
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
UNA00058614 Lamar 2 Aug 2002 Brian R. Keener
2345
UNA
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UNA00053594 Greene 5 Aug 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2357
UNA
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004552 Dale 14 Sep 2000 Tiffany Pennington
976
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UNA00020787 Mobile 15 Aug 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D990
UNA
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000018716 Randolph 01 Sep 1988 C. F. Nixon
4242
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
70239 Covington 28 OCT 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3547
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
JSU121063 Marshall 9 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
815
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004551 Dale 19 Sep 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15810
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
50578 Dale 26 OCT 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7793
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
TROY000018851 Houston 25 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20204
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004559 Monroe 03 Nov 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
16021
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
13731 Lee 3 AUG 1966 WAGLE, CARL
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
TROY000029219 Covington 22 Aug 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20876
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
JSU120876 Jackson 18 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1439
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
SAMF0003522 Barbour 11 Sep 2008 Diamond, A. R.
19978
SAMF
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
13385 Lee 5 AUG 1966 CROWE, TOM
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
TROY000018852 Marengo 03 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
985
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0036160 Baldwin 08 Aug 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8139
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
UNA00068486 Escambia 19 Jun 2008 C. J. Hansen
3279
UNA
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000019678 Henry 07 Nov 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20415
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0007518 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3950
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UNA00020791 Tuscaloosa 28 Jul 1965 Rebecca Deramus
476
UNA
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000018715 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 C. F. Nixon
2046
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
37823 Lauderdale 29 JUL 1981 HENDERSON, T.
287
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
JSU120863 Calhoun 7 Aug 1991 F. Hutchinson
49
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004558 Monroe 24 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17157
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
51800 Pike 28 JUL 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5100
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
TROY000043241 Houston 15 Oct 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26921
TROY
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
JSU120869 Cleburne 15 Oct 1996 S. E. Hruska
1466
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0031781 Coffee 16 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74343
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens Gray
17680 Lee 13 JUL 1969 THORNHILL, RANDY
114
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
USAM000005886 Mobile 30 May 1969 Michel G. Lelong
4681
USAM
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
SAMF0002437 Tuscaloosa 28 Jul 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
476
SAMF
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
UWAL0031731 Crenshaw 23 Jul 1993 Kral, R.
82945
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens Gray
34984 Butler 3 OCT 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
JSU121064 Marshall 20 Sep 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15735
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0016656 Lowndes 29 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25475
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
UNA00054438 Blount 3 Jul 1998 Brian R. Keener
1150
UNA
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000018714 Perry 07 Aug 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14067
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004553 Dale 28 Aug 1999 Tiffany Pennington
87
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UNA00020783 Mobile 2 Aug 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D637
UNA
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000018717 Randolph 08 Jul 1986 C. F. Nixon
3476
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
69441 Escambia 8 JUL 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4095
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
JSU121483 Lee 18 Nov 1973 D. R. Flournoy
149
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004549 Covington 21 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14513
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
55064 Crenshaw 27 AUG 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9878
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
TROY000042902 Houston 13 Aug 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26705
TROY
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
28430 Barbour 24 OCT 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1847
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
UWAL0032087 Houston 15 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26921
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens Gray
JSU120872 DeKalb 7 Sep 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15594
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0007521 Covington 22 Aug 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20876
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004554 Dale 05 Aug 1998 Hannelore Rundell
615
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
23070 Lee 2 OCT 1971 BOONE, ALLISON
078B
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
JSU121061 Marshall 13 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6375
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0007522 Covington 28 Oct 2008 Hansen, C.J.
3547
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UNA00020784 Tuscaloosa 23 Jun 1975 Fred K. Hoener
1246
UNA
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004550 Crenshaw 01 Nov 2003 TeLenna Jones
25
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UNA00020792 Hale 25 Sep 1965 Norris H. Williams
135
UNA
Acalypha gracilens Gray
JSU120878 Jefferson 7 Sep 1984 J. P. Barber
1071
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
63991 Coffee 23 SEP 2004 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
1684
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
JSU121062 Marshall 22 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
973
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000029530 Montgomery 11 Oct 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
21049
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
50614 Dale 23 JUN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7504
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
TROY000018850 Henry 24 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19619
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0012180 St. Clair 16 Jul 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6606
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
UWAL0007520 Bullock 11 Oct 2009 Diamond, A.R.
21029
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens Gray
JSU121070 St. Clair 3 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12079
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004541 Barbour 16 Oct 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15966
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
JSU120874 Etowah 27 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3231
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
72628 Baldwin 10 OCT 2007 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-43
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
JSU121067 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18459
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004545 Coffee 10 Aug 1980 Brian H. Martin
880
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UNA00020798 Baldwin s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000044611 Geneva 17 Aug 2017 Cameron Byrd
1416
TROY
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
JSU120868 Clay 30 Jul 1994 J. M. Ballard
4258
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
USAM000005888 Mobile 08 Jun 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3224
USAM
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
69277 Escambia 14 AUG 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3427A
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
21304 Lee 12 AUG 1970 HOPSON, GEORGE R.
00150
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
TROY000018718 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3197
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0013938 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1305
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
JSU120864 Calhoun 30 Jul 1986 C. L. Lawler
916
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004556 Dale 14 Aug 1997 Hannelore Rundell
281
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004548 Conecuh 05 Aug 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11955
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
JSU120870 Cullman 27 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5113
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004543 Butler 14 Jul 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17805
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
JSU120873 Etowah 16 Jul 1994 L. M. Hodge
2789
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
6484 JUL 1898 ANDREWS, ELIZABETH F.
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
JSU120866 Choctaw 1 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19164
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004547 Conecuh 30 Sep 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12152
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0036145 Barbour 08 Sep 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8168
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
UNA00020797 Mobile _ Sep 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000038338 Elmore 11 Aug 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24449
TROY
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
UNA00020789 Tuscaloosa 28 Oct 1962 Rebecca Deramus
228
UNA
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000036501 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Bailee Dykes
1305
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
23071 Clarke 4 SEP 1971 HENLEY, NANCY S.
011
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
JSU120871 DeKalb 23 Aug 1992 F. W. Clearman, Jr.
271
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0007524 Marengo 03 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
0985
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens Gray
JSU121069 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 C. F. Nixon
2046
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000030033 Covington 28 Oct 2008 Curtis J. Hansen
3547
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0007519 Barbour 11 Sep 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19978
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens Gray
JSU120877 Jackson 5 Aug 1994 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004561 Russell 17 Oct 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14819
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
JSU121494 St. Clair 1 Nov 1984 P. L. Smith
s.n.
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
72911 Dallas 24 AUG 2010 BARGER, T. WAYNE
OC-579
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
JSU121065 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18487
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004546 Coffee 14 Nov 1999 Brian H. Martin
356
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UNA00060515 Walker 2 Nov 1984 Charles N. Horn
653
UNA
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004557 Lee 13 Aug 1978 Robert Kral
62487
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
JSU120867 Clay 30 Jul 1994 J. M. Ballard
4275
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000033574 Barbour 27 Aug 2011 Lauren Ryan
27
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
69854 Escambia 19 JUN 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3279
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
46513 Covington 21 OCT 1982 KUHNS, MICHAEL R.
77
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
TROY000041611 Lowndes 29 Aug 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25475
TROY
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
UWAL0032188 Cullman 15 Aug 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4782
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens Gray
44351 Conecuh 16 SEP 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1833
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
TROY000018848 Barbour 17 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19543
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004560 Pike 12 Dec 1999 James A. Hall
39
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0032139 Houston 13 Aug 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26705
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens Gray
JSU121068 Randolph 7 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12712
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004542 Bullock 19 Aug 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12618
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
USAM000005887 Mobile 13 Oct 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4929
USAM
Acalypha gracilens A. Gray
48109 Bibb 17 OCT 1979 BECKETT, SCOTT W.
411
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
JSU121066 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18559
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0007523 Escambia 19 Jun 2008 Hansen, C.J.
3279
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UNA00020796 Pickens 4 Jul 1986 Charles N. Horn
1121
UNA
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004544 Butler 14 Oct 1978 Robert Kral
63030
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UNA00069278 Marengo 3 Sep 2008 Kevin England
985
UNA
Acalypha gracilens Gray
JSU120880 Jefferson 28 Aug 1985 J. P. Barber
1722
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
UWAL0007525 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3197
UWAL
Acalypha gracilens Gray
59311 Elmore 19 SEP 2000 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2000-102
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
JSU120875 Franklin 18 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6457
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
JSU138649 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9413
JSU
Acalypha gracilens Gray
AUA000035403 Covington 14 Jul 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5136
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS
65334 Dale 19 SEP 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15810
AUA
ACALYPHA GRACILENS GRAY
TROY000018849 Escambia 18 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20049
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
TROY000004555 Dale 06 Jun 2000 Michael Woods
8161
TROY
Acalypha gracilens Gray
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