Lyonia lucida

Family:ERICACEAE
Species:Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
Common Name:Shining Fetterbush; Hurrah Bush; Horse Wicky
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:LYLU3
Plant Notes:Shining Fetterbush is a colonial evergreen shrub in the Heath family (Ericaceae). It can be found in the southern half of Alabama. Shining Fetterbush occurs in wet pine flatwoods, along streams and creeks, around spring heads, in blackwater swamps, in gallberry thickets, and in seeps. It is a thicket forming shrub reaching heights of 6-15 feet. New plants sucker off the creeping rhizomes. The stems are green in color, arching, and 3-angled. Leaves are petiolate, alternate, elliptic to ovate in outline, glabrous, with entire slightly revolute margins. The leaves are thick and leathery in texture and dark shiny green in color. Young leaves are a coppery-red color. There is a major vein that closely parallels the margin of the leaf. The leaves have small punctate dots on the lower surface. The fragrant flowers are produced in fascicles in the leaf axils of the previous seasons growth. Each fascicle has 10-15 individual stalked flowers. The pedicels are glandular pubescent with short stalked glands. The calyx is 5-lobed. The lobes are triangular in outline and short glandular pubescent. The corolla is cylindrical with 5 short lobes. The corolla varies in color from white to pink or red. The fruit is a globose capsule. Shining Fetterbush is sometimes available from native plant nurseries. It prefers an acidic soil with constant moisture. It will tolerate drier conditions once established. It can be grown in shade or full sun.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyERICACEAE - Heath family
Genus Lyonia
Species Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch - Shining Fetterbush; Hurrah Bush; Horse Wicky

Citation

Citation LYONIA LUCIDA (Lamarck) K. Koch, Dendrologie 2: 118. 1872.
Basionym: Andromeda lucida Lamarck 1783.
Type: Without data (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Judd, J. Arnold Arbor. 62: 203. 1981.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Andromeda coriacea Andromeda coriacea Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 70. 1789.  
Andromeda coriacea var. rubra Andromeda coriacea Aiton, var. rubra Loddiges, Bot. Cab. 7: 672. 1822. "Carolina and Georgia",
Andromeda lacustris Andromeda lacustris C. Wright, in Sauvalle, Anales Acad. Ci. Med. Habana 6: 250. 1870. CUBA: Near Pinar del Rio, s.d., Wright 3664 (holotype: US; isotypes: GH, NY 3 shts, P).
Andromeda lucida Andromeda lucida Lamarck, Encycl. 157. 1783. Without data (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Judd, J. Arnold Arbor. 62: 203. 1981.
Andromeda marginata Andromeda marginata Veillard, in Duhamel du Monceau, Traite Arbr. Arbust. 2: 188. 1804. "La Caroline et la Floride",
Andromeda myrtifolia Andromeda myrtifolia Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 290. 1796, nom. illegit.Andromeda coriacea Aiton 1789. 
Andromeda nitida Andromeda nitida W. Bartram ex Marshall, Arbust. Amer. 8. 1785. "Carolina and Florida",
Andromeda nitida var. rhombifolia Andromeda nitida W. Bartram ex Marshall, var. rhombifolia A. W. Wood, Class-Book Bot., ed. 1861. 488. 1861.  
Desmothamnus nitidus Desmothamnus nitidus (W. Bartram ex Marshall) Small, Shrubs Florida 96, 133. 1913.Andromeda nitida W. Bartram ex Marshall 1785. 
Desmothamnus lucidus Desmothamnus lucidus (Lamarck) Small, in Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 29(1): 64. 1914.Andromeda lucida Lamarck 1783. 
Leucothoe coriacea Leucothoe coriacea (Aiton) de Candolle, Prodr. 7: 602. 1839.Andromeda coriacea Aiton 1789. 
Leucothoe marginata Leucothoe marginata (Veillard) Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 9: 482. 1840.Andromeda marginata Veillard 1804. 
Lyonia marginata Lyonia marginata (Veillard) D. Don, Edinburgh New Philos. J. 17: 159. 1834.Andromeda marginata Veillard 1804. 
Lyonia marginata var. rubra Lyonia marginata (Veillard) D. Don, var. rubra (Loddiges) Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 2: 1110. 1838.Andromeda coriacea Aiton, var. rubra Loddiges 1822. 
Lyonia nitida Lyonia nitida (W. Bartram ex Marshall) Fernald, Rhodora 10: 53. 1908.Andromeda nitida W. Bartram ex Marshall 1785. 
Neopieris nitida Neopieris nitida (W. Bartram ex Marshall) Britton, in Britton & A. Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U.S., ed. 2. 2: 690. 1913.Andromeda nitida W. Bartram ex Marshall 1785. 
Pieris lucida Pieris lucida (Lamarck) Rehder, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 24: 266. 1915, non H. Léveillé 1906.Andromeda lucida Lamarck 1783. 
Pieris lucida var. rubra Pieris lucida (Lamarck) Rehder, var. rubra (Loddiges) Rehder, in L. H. Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 5: 2622. 1916.Andromeda coriacea Aiton, var. rubra Loddiges 1822. 
Pieris nitida var. rubra Pieris nitida (W. Bartram ex Marshall) Hooker f., var. rubra (Loddiges) Rehder, in L. H. Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. 3: 1336. 1901.Andromeda coriacea Aiton, var. rubra Loddiges 1822. 
Pieris nitida Pieris nitida (W. Bartram ex Marshall) Hooker f., in Bentham & Hooker f., Gen. Pl. 2: 588. 1876.Andromeda nitida W. Bartram ex Marshall 1785. 
Xolisma lucida Xolisma lucida (Lamarck) Rehder, J. Arnold Arbor. 5: 50. 1924.Andromeda lucida Lamarck 1783. 
Xolisma lucida var. rubra Xolisma lucida (Lamarck) Rehder, var. rubra (Loddiges) Rehder, Man. Cult. Trees 712. 1927.Andromeda coriacea Aiton, var. rubra Loddiges 1822. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Dale, Dallas, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2009 - 2009

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
19646 Baldwin 3 MAY 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
170-69
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
UWAL0032000 Houston 30 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26685
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
JSU121704 Washington 24 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14286
JSU
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UWAL0007456 Autauga 18 Apr 1979 Kral, R.
63340
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) Koch
UNA00013422 Houston 11 Jul 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6672
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
50262 Covington 30 MAR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6778
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
UWAL0010354 Washington 16 Apr 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7122
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
JSU121699 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UNA00013412 Mobile 28 Apr 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
AUA000030727 Escambia 21 Mar 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4961
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) KOCH.
TROY000004378 Covington 25 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13411
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
JSU121697 Baldwin 11 Aug 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4302
JSU
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UWAL0014923 Bullock 19 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0512
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
23079 Baldwin 26 SEP 1971 BOONE, ALLISON
001
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
UWAL0007457 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3938
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) Koch
64749 Mobile 25 MAR 1973 TAYLOR, JOHN
12774B
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
69391 Covington 15 APR 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3653
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
TROY000032635 Houston 17 Jan 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21735
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
TROY000018371 Butler 29 Oct 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18563
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
39728 Baldwin 8 APR 1972 SCOTT, A. FLOYD
042
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
UNA00013437 Mobile 22 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
982
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
63887 Montgomery 22 APR 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14349
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
TROY000037608 Bullock 19 Apr 2012 Bailee Dykes
512
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
51424 Dale 7 JUL 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7555
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
UNA00013457 Baldwin 30 Apr 1978 Denise Harvey
323
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
USAM000005651 Baldwin 27 Apr 1974 Michel G. Lelong
7704
USAM
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
SAMF0004041 Butler 05 May 2007 Diamond, A. R.
17498
SAMF
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
TROY000042694 Houston 30 Jul 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26658
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
TROY000032409 Baldwin 02 Sep 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21551
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UWAL0010381 Baldwin 07 Apr 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7095
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
JSU121698 Baldwin 14 Apr 1973 William Ponder
119
JSU
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
69309 Escambia 16 APR 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3738
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
TROY000004377 Conecuh 13 Aug 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11986
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UNA00013411 Mobile 8 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
846
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
41342 Escambia 23 DEC 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1995
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
USAM000005655 Mobile 05 May 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3103
USAM
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
17691 Baldwin 26 JUL 1969 FLOYD, JR., JOHN A.
109
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
UNA00013442 Baldwin 28 Jan 1950 A. M. Harvill, Jr.
s.n.
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
UNA00016793 Mobile 27 Apr 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1649
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
USAM000005652 Baldwin 27 Jun 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11229
USAM
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
TROY000004375 Butler 05 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17498
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
TROY000045207 Geneva 23 Mar 2017 Cameron Byrd
880
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
TROY000018597 Autauga 18 Apr 1979 Robert Kral
63340
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
37052 Monroe 8 APR 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
060
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
TROY000032591 Henry 17 Feb 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21742
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
TROY000018370 Butler 24 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19038
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UNA00048189 Henry 7 Apr 1997 John R. MacDonald
10166
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
UNA00013447 Mobile 27 Mar 1982 Robert R. Haynes
8501
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
JSU121703 Washington 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18709
JSU
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
51502 Montgomery 7 APR 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7333
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
UWAL0007460 Mobile 09 Oct 1999 England, J. Kevin
0076
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) Koch
UNA00059136 Baldwin 14 Apr 2001 D. D. Spaulding
11007
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
JSU121702 Mobile 29 Mar 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1233
JSU
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UWAL0010804 Pike 27 Mar 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22886
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
USAM000005654 Baldwin 20 Jul 1974 Michel G. Lelong
8061
USAM
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
TROY000018368 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Brian R. Keener
3938
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
TROY000038471 Washington 16 Apr 2012 Brian R. Keener
7122
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
TROY000030093 Covington 15 Apr 2009 Curtis J. Hansen
3653
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UNA00059647 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8037
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
UWAL0007459 Covington 15 Apr 2009 Hansen, C.J.
3653
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) Koch
JSU121701 Houston 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14220
JSU
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UWAL0008241 Houston 17 Jan 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21735
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UNA00013406 Mobile 10 Apr 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D377
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
50405 Montgomery 3 DEC 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6600
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
UWAL0002914 Baldwin 02 Sep 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21551
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
JSU121695 Baldwin 29 Mar 1998 K. R. Brodeur
459
JSU
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UNA00013417 Mobile 28 Apr 1879 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
45098 Mobile 11 APR 1986 MALO, LORNE K.
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
TROY000004382 Montgomery 22 Apr 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14349
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UWAL0001759 Dallas 19 Apr 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5191
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
72669 Baldwin 12 DEC 2007 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-244
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
TROY000004379 Butler 07 Nov 2003 TeLenna Jones
31
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
72473 Baldwin 25 MAR 2013 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
13696
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
3740 Baldwin 20 FEB 1955 MOORE, WILLIAM H.
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
TROY000018369 Bullock 02 Aug 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17874
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
TROY000031792 Houston 15 Apr 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21258
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UWAL0037056 Washington 16 Apr 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10545
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K.Koch
UNA00023575 Escambia 16 Aug 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9466
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
43375 Conecuh 4 NOV 1984 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
212
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
50264 Dale 6 AUG 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6219
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
JSU121700 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UNA00013416 Mobile 5 Jul 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
AUA000031190 Escambia 24 Jun 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4772
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) KOCH.
UWAL0007458 Baldwin 25 Oct 1997 Keener, Brian R.
0494
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) Koch
TROY000019683 Escambia 20 Nov 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20463
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UWAL0018944 Geneva 29 Mar 1986 Kral, R.
73190
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) Koch
3402 Baldwin 16 APR 1964 CREEL, JOHN
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
UWAL0012037 Baldwin 31 Oct 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1832
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
TROY000032259 Dallas 19 Apr 2009 Brian R. Keener
5191
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
37644 Baldwin 21 SEP 1981 HENDERSON, T.
582
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
UWAL0002896 Henry 17 Feb 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21742
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UNA00013407 Choctaw 20 Apr 1964 Sidney McDaniel
4223
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
TROY000004376 Coffee 08 Dec 1999 Brian H. Martin
404
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UNA00065853 Autauga 18 Apr 1979 R. Kral
63340
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
44076 Conecuh 29 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2741
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
TROY000030913 Baldwin 20 Feb 1955 William H. Moore
s.n.
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
JSU121696 Baldwin 1 Sep 1997 K. R. Brodeur
068
JSU
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UNA00064194 Mobile 30 Jul 1985 C. F. Nixon
1327
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
72147 Baldwin 7 APR 2012 KEENER, BRIAN R.
7095
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
TROY000034684 Pike 27 Mar 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22886
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
TROY000004381 Geneva 25 May 2001 Robert Kral
91143
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UWAL0004834 Conecuh 27 Jun 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22267
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
45574 Escambia 18 APR 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3141
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
70269 Covington 19 MAY 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3984
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) KOCH
UWAL0002224 Houston 15 Apr 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21258
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
UNA00013462 Autauga 29 Aug 1980 Russell A. Meigs
1161
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
USAM000005653 Baldwin 22 Apr 1979 Susie H. Shepard
2
USAM
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UNA00013432 Washington 9 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
876
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
52902 Geneva 27 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6128
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
TROY000029614 Baldwin 12 Dec 2007 Terry Wayne Barger
244
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
47492 Barbour 17 JUL 1981 GATES, WILLIAM R.
69
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
UNA00062977 Montgomery 22 Apr 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14349
UNA
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
70450 Dallas 19 APR 2009 KEENER, BRIAN R.
5191
AUA
LYONIA LUCIDA (LAM.) K. KOCH
TROY000032676 Conecuh 27 Jun 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22267
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
TROY000004380 Geneva 14 Apr 2001 Robert Kral
90795
TROY
Lyonia lucida (Lamarck) K. Koch
UWAL0007461 Montgomery 22 Apr 2004 Diamond, A.R.
14349
UWAL
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) Koch
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