Kalmia hirsuta

Family:ERICACEAE
Species:Kalmia hirsuta Walter
Common Name:Hairy Wicky; Hairy Laurel; Sweet Wicky
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:KAHI2
Plant Notes:Hairy Wicky is a native evergreen shrub in the Heath family (Ericaceae). It is native to the southernmost counties in Alabama. Hairy Wicky grows in pine flatwoods, bogs, and White Cedar swamps. It is a straggly shrub, rarely reaching more than three feet in height. Typically it is somewhat decumbent and intertwined with other vegetation. The twigs have long, spreading hairs. Leaves are alternate, sessile, elliptic to ovate in outline, with revolute margins (turned under). The leaves are densely to sparsely pubescent with long hairs. Flowers are solitary or 2-3 per leaf axil on new growth. Flowers are campanulate and vary in color from white through pale pink, to dark pink or lavender. The flowers may be marked with red dots. The tips of the stamens are inserted into pockets on the corolla until “sprung” by a passing insect. The fruit is a capsule with many tiny seed. Hairy Wicky is listed as a S2 species in Alabama (typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state). Due to its small size and gangly growth habitat, Hairy Wicky is not often available commercially. A few nurseries that specialize in native Azaleas and other Ericaceous plants sometimes have it as well as some nurseries that sell bog plants. Hairy Wicky prefers full to partial sun and a moist, acidic soil.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW- (NWI), S2 (State Rank), G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyERICACEAE - Heath family
Genus Kalmia
Species Kalmia hirsuta Walter - Hairy Wicky; Hairy Laurel; Sweet Wicky

Citation

Citation Carol
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Herb. Walter 61a-D (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Southall & J. W. Hardin, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 90: 21. 1974. SOUTH CAROLINA: Jasper Co.: Along SC 631, 1 mi. SE of the Hampton Co. line, 29 Jun 1956, Bell 3956 (epitype: GH). Epitypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 479. 2008.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Chamaedaphne hirsuta Chamaedaphne hirsuta (Walter) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 388. 1891.Kalmia hirsuta Walter 1788. 
Kalmia ciliata Kalmia ciliata W. Bartram, Travels Carolina 18, 171. 1791.  
Kalmiella hirsuta Kalmiella hirsuta (Walter) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 886, 1336. 1903.Kalmia hirsuta Walter 1788. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Houston, Mobile

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, NY, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00064919 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2902
UNA
Kalmia hirsuta Walt.
TROY000004329 Baldwin 26 Dec 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
16105
TROY
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
UWAL0013668 Baldwin 14 Jul 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8050
UWAL
Kalmia hirsuta Walt.
UNA00012899 Baldwin s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Kalmia hirsuta Walt.
UNA00012896 Baldwin 24 May 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7796
UNA
Kalmia hirsuta Walt.
UWAL0043256 Baldwin 20 Oct 2000 West, Chan
603
UWAL
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
NY02524099 Baldwin 24 May 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7796
NY
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
USAM000005596 Baldwin 09 Jun 1969 Robert Kral
35221
USAM
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
TROY000043682 Houston 09 Jun 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27462
TROY
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
NY02524106 Baldwin 23 May 1903 Samuel M. Tracy
8655
NY
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
UNA00059651 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8041
UNA
Kalmia hirsuta Walt.
TROY000004326 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2902
TROY
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
TROY000004327 Baldwin 11 Nov 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14893
TROY
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
NY02524179 Mobile 03 Sep 1912 Francis W. Pennell
4513
NY
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
USAM000005597 Baldwin 18 Jul 1967 Michel G. Lelong
4105
USAM
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
UNA00059652 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8042
UNA
Kalmia hirsuta Walt.
UNA00012893 Mobile 15 Jun 1879 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Kalmia hirsuta Walt.
UWAL0039293 Houston 09 Jun 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27462
UWAL
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
JSU121553 Baldwin 10 Aug 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4286
JSU
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
AUA_ACC064883 Baldwin 11 NOV 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14893
AUA
KALMIA HIRSUTA WALTER
TROY000042765 Baldwin 14 Jul 2013 Brian R. Keener
8050
TROY
Kalmia hirsuta Walt.
UWAL0018702 Baldwin 28 Jul 1990 Kral, R.
78187
UWAL
Kalmia hirsuta Walt.
NY02524100 Baldwin 23 Jul 1950 - 24 Jul 1950 Grady L. Webster
3539
NY
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
USAM000005600 Baldwin 20 Jul 1974 Michel G. Lelong
8060
USAM
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
USAM000005598 Baldwin 23 Jun 1968 B. Eugene Woffard
10322
USAM
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
AUA_ACC017706 Baldwin 26 JUN 1969 THORNHILL, RANDY
178
AUA
KALMIA HIRSUTA WALTER
USAM000005599 Baldwin 27 Sep 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8700
USAM
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
UWAL0007443 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2902
UWAL
Kalmia hirsuta Walt.
AUA_ACC066031 Baldwin 26 MAY 2006 KEENER, BRIAN R.
2902
AUA
KALMIA HIRSUTA WALTER
TROY000029612 Baldwin 13 Dec 2007 Terry Wayne Barger
Per-233
TROY
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
UWAL0007444 Baldwin 19 Jul 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12717
UWAL
Kalmia hirsuta Walt.
AUA_ACC003730 Baldwin 14 MAY 1955 SLEDGE, EUGENE B.
AUA
KALMIA HIRSUTA WALTER
NY02524178 Baldwin 09 Jun 1969 Robert Kral
35221
NY
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
AUA_ACC003403 Baldwin 16 MAY 1964 ANONYMOUS
AUA
KALMIA HIRSUTA WALTER
USAM000008833 Baldwin 23 May 2004 Tad Zebryk
8486
USAM
Kalmia hirsuta Walter
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