Adiantum capillus-veneris

Family:PTERIDACEAE
Species:Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
Common Name:Southern Maidenhair Fern; Venus' Hair Fern
Habitat:Calcareous soils in moist hardwood forests.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Southern Maidenhair Fern is a native perennial in the Maidenhair Fern family (Pteridaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Southern Maidenhair Fern occurs on the calcareous banks of rivers and streams, on the walls of limesinks, around caves and waterfalls, and rarely in cracks of the mortar of old buildings, drains, and wells. It is a perennial with short creeping rhizomes. Leaves are deciduous, petiolate, 3-4 pinnate, and glabrous. The leaves are a blueish-green color and water repellant. The petiole and rachis are dark black, glabrous, wiry, and flexuous, the fronds arching or pendent. The ultimate segments of the fronds (pinnules) are fan-shaped with deeply lobed margins. Spores are produced near the outer margins of the pinnules. The spores are produced in sporangia which are covered by a flap of tissue known as a false indusium. The false indusium results from the rolling under of the margin of the pinnule. Southern Maidenhair Fern is a popular horticultural species, and many varieties are available from nurseries. It can be grown in a terrarium, potted, or in pockets of limestone rocks. It needs to be kept consistently moist. Southern Maidenhair Fern prefers a neutral or basic soil that is rich in organic matter, and full shade.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPTERIDACEAE - Maidenhair Fern family
Genus Adiantum
Species Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus - Southern Maidenhair Fern; Venus' Hair Fern

Citation

Citation ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1096. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: FRANCE: Without data, Magnol s.n. (lectotype: LINN 1252.9). Lectotypified by Pichi-Sermolli, Webbia 12: 678. 1957.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Adiantum capillus-veneris var. modestum Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus, var. modestum (Underwood) Fernald, Rhodora 52: 206. 1950.Adiantum modestum Underwood 1901. 
Adiantum capillus-veneris var. laciniatum Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus, var. laciniatum H. Christ ex Tardieu & C. Christensen, in Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 7(2): 185. 1940.  
Adiantum affine Adiantum affine Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 5(1): 448. 1810. NEW ZEALAND
Adiantum australe Adiantum australe Riddell, New Orleans Med. Surg. J. 9: 616. 1853.  
Adiantum capillus Adiantum capillus Swartz, J. Bot. (Schrader) 1800(2): 83. 1801, nom. illegit.Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus 1753. 
Adiantum capillus-veneris var. fissum Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus, var. fissum H. Christ, Monsunia 1: 66. 1900.  
Adiantum capillus-veneris var. protrusum Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus, var. protrusum Fernald, Rhodora 52: 203. 1950. GEORGIA: Clay Co.: Samochechobee Creek, 29 Oct 1902, Harper 1791 (holotype: GH).
Adiantum capillus-veneris var. trifidum Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus, var. trifidum H. Christ, Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 11: 224. 1902.  
Adiantum coriandrifolium Adiantum coriandrifolium Lamarck, Fl. Franc. 1: 29. 1779 ("1778"), nom. illegit.Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus 1753. 
Adiantum fontanum Adiantum fontanum Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 404. 1796, nom. illegit.Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus 1753. 
Adiantum marginatum Adiantum marginatum Schrader, Gött. Gel. Anz. 1818: 918. 1818. SOUTH AFRICA
Adiantum michelii Adiantum michelii H. Christ, Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 20: 12. 1910. CHINA
Adiantum modestum Adiantum modestum Underwood, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 46. 1901. NEW MEXICO: Chaves Co.: Roswell, North Spring River, 3 Aug 1900, Earle 261 (holotype: GH; isotype: GH).
Adiantum paradiseae Adiantum paradiseae Baker, Gard. Chron., ser. 3. 6: 558. 1889. SOUTH AFRICA
Adiantum pseudocapillus Adiantum pseudocapillus Fée, Mém. Foug. 5: 118. 1852. SOUTH AFRICA:
Adiantum rimicola Adiantum rimicola Slosson, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 41: 308, t. 7(1). 1914. UTAH: Armstrong Canyon, 4-6 Aug 1911, Rydberg & Garrett 9423(holotype: NY).
Adiantum schaffneri Adiantum schaffneri E. Fournier, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 27: 328. 1880. MEXICO: San Luis Potosí: Near San Luis Potosí, s.d., Schaffner 64 (holotype: P; isotype: NY fragm).
Adiantum tenerum var. dissectum Adiantum tenerum Swartz, var. dissectum M. Martens & Galeotti, Mém. Foug. Mexique 71. 1842. MEXICO: Veracruz [Oaxaca?]: Without data, Galeotti 6361 (holotype: BR). + Expand All- Collapse

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Butler, Clarke, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Dale, Dallas, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Russell, Shelby, Sumter, Walker, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1886 - 2008

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
49266 Henry 7 JUL 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5166
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
AMAL00015004 Dallas 23 May 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12,618
AMAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
TROY000029659 Conecuh 08 Nov 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
21114
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
AMAL00016850 Covington 19 Jun 2008 C.J. Hansen
3287
AMAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNAF0001313 Colbert 15 Jun 1960 Phillips
s.n.
UNAF
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UWAL0033738 Sumter 25 Jun 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9720
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
JSU109163 Bibb 13 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13421
JSU
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
JSU109175 Monroe 14 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12787
JSU
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UWAL0001354 Monroe 16 Nov 1978 Kral, R.
63172
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
32428 Bibb 12 JUL 1977 SHORT, JOHN W.
922
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
35557 Henry 29 NOV 1978 SHORT, JOHN W.
1190
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
UNA00051688 Conecuh 12 May 1977 John W. Short
895
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051658 Barbour 21 Aug 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
TROY000040842 Clarke 24 May 2013 Brian R. Keener
7850
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
AMAL00005461 Dale 13 Jun 2002 A.R. Diamond
13300
AMAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051685 Bibb 23 Jul 1985 Charles N. Horn
697
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00057573 Clarke 26 Aug 1953 Jesse S. White
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
43224 Wilcox 3 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1437
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
UWAL0001353 Marengo 11 Apr 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5763
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
37635 Escambia 6 OCT 1981 HENDERSON, T.
709
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
UWAL0031449 Colbert 23 Apr 2011 England, J. Kevin
2821
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UNAF0001311 Colbert 16 Jun 1960 Moore, Harold
s.n.
UNAF
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UWAL0009796 Clarke 02 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6877
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
AMAL00019886 Clarke 10 Jul 1983 John W. Short
1337
AMAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UNA00058986 Covington 18 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13368
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
TROY000045629 Autauga 15 Sep 2016 Matthew Parker
77
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
33047 Dallas 3 AUG 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
229
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
71953 Covington 22 OCT 1982 SHORT, JOHN W.
1304
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
UNA00057179 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18971
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051684 Marshall 10 Jun 1979 Russell A. Meigs
128
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UWAL0001348 Bibb 12 Jul 1977 Short, J.W.
0922
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051683 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
8
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051669 Clarke 25 Aug 1953 Jesse S. White
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051677 Wilcox 15 May 1982 S. C. Gunn
592
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
TROY000000421 Dale 13 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13300
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
JSU109169 Jefferson 20 Jun 1985 J. P. Barber
1602
JSU
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
TROY000046571 Autauga 08 Jun 2017 Matthew R. Parker
902
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UNAF0001309 Colbert 23 Jun 1991 Stone, C. Adina
s.n.
UNAF
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UWAL0011685 Colbert 17 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7923
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
39363 Dallas 13 MAY 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
567
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
TROY000013267 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18196
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
32426 Conecuh 12 MAY 1977 SHORT, JOHN W.
899
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
UWAL0007817 Butler 07 Nov 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21708
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UNA00051687 Monroe 16 Sep 1976 John W. Short
832
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051659 Conecuh 09 Aug 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
35010 Bibb 12 JUL 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1718
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
AMAL00016518 Hale 16 Jul 2009 Brian Holt
SP79
AMAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00057576 Dallas 07 Nov 1959 J. W. Cliburn
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00057575 Monroe 27 Aug 1953 Jesse S. White
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
43223 Conecuh 28 JUN 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1130
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
UWAL0001352 Dallas 10 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4197
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
JSU109172 Madison 14 Sep 1996 S. J. Threlkeld
911
JSU
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UWAL0002979 Conecuh 22 Oct 2000 Keener, Brian R.
1961
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
44919 Conecuh 1 JAN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2995
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
UWAL0036921 Covington 24 Feb 2017 England, J. Kevin
7143
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UNAF0001312 Colbert 20 Jun 1960 Cantrell, Jerry
s.n.
UNAF
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
69749 Covington 19 JUN 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3287
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
JSU109166 Etowah 12 Jul 1969 Doris Smith
s.n.
JSU
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
32423 Monroe 16 SEP 1976 SHORT, JOHN W.
832
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
UNA00051675 Monroe 07 Sep 1949 Lloyd C. Crawford
97
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051678 Colbert 15 May 1913 Roland M. Harper
3729
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
TROY000000422 Geneva 09 Nov 2003 Amanda McCall
14
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UNA00051682 Montgomery _ Jul 1880 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051670 Clarke 25 Aug 1953 Jesse S. White
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
TROY000000417 Coffee 17 Aug 2000 Brian H. Martin
898
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UNA00051676 Dallas 13 May 1982 S. C. Gunn
567
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
TROY000032045 Montgomery 14 Oct 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21652
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
SAMF0006022 Bibb 06 Oct 2015 Davenport, L. J.
5994
SAMF
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
51339 Dale 9 JUN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7450
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
UNAF0001310 Colbert 17 Jun 1991 Stone, C. Adina
s.n.
UNAF
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
TROY000037559 Marengo 02 Jun 2012 J. Kevin England
3534
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
JSU109173 Monroe 26 Mar 1995 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UWAL0011268 Marengo 02 Jun 2012 England, J. Kevin
3534
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
32424 Escambia 12 MAY 1977 SHORT, JOHN W.
895
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
1087 Russell 6 APR 1955 TIPPINS, H. H.
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
UNA00051686 Henry 29 Nov 1978 John W. Short
1190
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00057577 Houston 22 Aug 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
55630 Shelby 19 OCT 1944 RUST, H. B.
187
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
AMAL00005460 Covington 18 Jun 2002 A.R. Diamond
13368
AMAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00065918 Monroe 19 Jun 1958 E. Quarterman
58-42
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00057581 Clarke 26 Aug 1953 Jesse S. White
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
JSU109167 Houston 25 Sep 1994 John R. MacDonald
7791
JSU
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
TROY000000423 Monroe 16 Nov 1978 Robert Kral
63172
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
JSU109161 Bibb 31 Jul 1998 R. D. Whetstone
19646
JSU
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
TROY000000418 Conecuh 15 Jul 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11842
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
JSU109168 Jackson 18 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1417
JSU
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UWAL0011695 Clarke 24 May 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7850
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
39364 Wilcox 15 MAY 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
592
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
AMAL00006512 Monroe 05 Oct 2011 T. Wayne Barger
RH-423
AMAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
JSU109162 Bibb 30 Jun 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9239
JSU
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
35562 Greene 14 AUG 1978 SHORT, JOHN W.
980
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
UWAL0001349 Conecuh 08 Nov 2009 Diamond, A.R.
2114
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051673 Conecuh 10 Sep 1949 Lloyd C. Crawford
128
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00057574 Conecuh 09 Aug 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
TROY000029397 Dallas 23 May 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12618
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UWAL0039439 Marshall 16 May 2018 Webb, David H.
8568
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00025634 Colbert 29 Jun 1941 James W. Shaw
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051668 Clarke 04 Sep 1953 Jesse S. White
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
JSU109164 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18971
JSU
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
TROY000000419 Covington 18 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13368
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
51803 Dale 19 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5955
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
TROY000000420 Dale 28 Sep 2000 Tiffany Pennington
1052
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
JSU109171 Jefferson 31 Jul 1965 Marilou A. Rudulph
15-1B
JSU
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UWAL0011712 Clarke 27 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7782
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
39365 Wilcox 24 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
870
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
AMAL00019692 Dallas 15 Apr 2010 T. Wayne Barger
53
AMAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
JSU109165 Etowah 12 Jul 1969 Doris Smith
s.n.
JSU
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
35736 Conecuh 16 JUL 1980 SHORT, JOHN W.
1226
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
UWAL0001351 Dallas 23 May 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12618
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051674 Conecuh 10 Sep 1949 Lloyd C. Crawford
131
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051667 Conecuh 21 Mar 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8827
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
TROY000030763 Russell 06 Apr 1955 H. H. Tippins
s.n.
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UNA00068490 Covington 19 Jun 2008 C. J. Hansen
3287
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051672 Monroe 24 Aug 1954 Jesse S. White
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
TROY000034967 Butler 22 Apr 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22953
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
TROY000033019 Butler 07 Nov 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21708
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
TROY000014572 Dale 08 May 2005 Robert Kral
96263
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
39944 Conecuh 4 NOV 1984 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
185
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
UWAL0012016 Blount 10 Jun 1998 Keener, Brian R.
0955
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UNAF0001314 Walker 20 Jun 1980 Musgrove, Mary Beth
s.n.
UNAF
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UWAL0033620 Greene 24 Jun 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9717
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
AMAL00019342 Dale 08 May 2005 R. Kral
96263
AMAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
JSU109174 Monroe 14 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12787
JSU
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UWAL0001350 Dale 08 May 2005 Kral, R.
96263
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
71926 Clarke 10 JUL 1983 SHORT, JOHN W.
1337
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
31581 Greene 27 AUG 1978 SHORT, JOHN W.
980
AUA
ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L.
UNA00051666 Houston 25 Sep 1994 John R. MacDonald
7791
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00065871 Monroe 16 Nov 1978 R. Kral
63172
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
TROY000040787 Colbert 17 Jun 2013 Brian R. Keener
7923
TROY
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linnaeus
UWAL0031254 Clarke 29 May 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8905
UWAL
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051681 Monroe 25 Jul 1886 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
UNA00051671 Clarke 26 Aug 1953 Jesse S. White
s.n.
UNA
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
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