Crocanthemum carolinianum

Family:CISTACEAE
Species:Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach
Common Name:Carolina Frostweed; Carolina Sunrose
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Carolina Frostweed is a native perennial in the Rock-Rose family (Cistaceae). It is found in the southern half of Alabama. Carolina Frostweed grows in sand hills, in xeric Longleaf pine woods, in scrub oak woods, on old dunes, in cemeteries, and on dry roadsides. Carolina Frostweed is a perennial from a woody tap root with tuberous thickenings. There are usually several stems from a rootstock that are from 6-10 inches in height. The stems are pubescent with long white hairs. Leaves are basal and cauline (on the stem). Leaves are elliptic to obovate in outline, entire, and stellate (star shaped hairs) pubescent on both surfaces. Basal leaves are larger than stem leaves. Flowers are solitary opposite a leaf. The flowers have six sepals, the outer three linear. There are five bright yellow petals. The anthers are orange. The fruit is a capsule. The flowers of Carolina Frostweed are very delicate. They are at their best early in the morning. On hot days they soon wither. The petals detach easily.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCISTACEAE - Rock-Rose family
Genus Crocanthemum
Species Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach - Carolina Frostweed; Carolina Sunrose

Citation

Citation Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2 6: 370. 1836.
Basionym: Cistus carolinianus Walter 1788.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Georgetown Co.: 1 mi. S of Murrell's Inlet, 10 Apr 1932, Weatherby & Griscom 16586 (neotype: GH; isoneotype: US). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1099. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cistus carolinianus Cistus carolinianus Walter, Fl. Carol. 152. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA: Georgetown Co.: 1 mi. S of Murrell's Inlet, 10 Apr 1932, Weatherby & Griscom 16586 (neotype: GH; isoneotype: US). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1099. 2007.
Halimium carolinianum Halimium carolinianum (Walter) Grosser, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 14): 44. 1903.Cistus carolinianus Walter 1788. 
Helianthemum carolinianum Helianthemum carolinianum (Walter) Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 307. 1803.Cistus carolinianus Walter 1788. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Covington, Dale, Dallas, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Sumter, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
USAM000003774 Mobile 05 Apr 1969 D. L. Scott
268
USAM
Helianthemum carolinianum (Walter) Michaux
TROY000038012 Bullock 19 Apr 2012 Bailee Dykes
559
TROY
Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach
AUA_ACC029817 Pike 30 MAR 1974 HUTTO, NITA
084
AUA
CROCANTHEMUM CAROLINIANUM (WALT.) SPACH
TROY000003758 Dale 10 Mar 2000 Tiffany Pennington
405
TROY
Helianthemum carolinianum (Walter) Michaux
AUA_ACC071806 Bullock 11 APR 2014 GLOW, MICHAEL
026
AUA
CROCANTHEMUM CAROLINIANUM (WALT.) SPACH
TROY000039267 Henry 10 Apr 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24948
TROY
Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach
TROY000018009 Geneva 03 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18839
TROY
Helianthemum carolinianum (Walter) Michaux
AMAL00005800 Monroe 08 Apr 2011 T. Wayne Barger
RH-171
AMAL
Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walt.) Spach
AUA_ACC046967 Covington 1 APR 1978 LAMB, TRIP
25
AUA
CROCANTHEMUM CAROLINIANUM (WALT.) SPACH
UNA00011623 Mobile 4 Apr 1895 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Helianthemum carolinianum (Walt.) Michx.
UWAL0014076 Bullock 19 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0559
UWAL
Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach
USAM000003773 Mobile 19 Mar 1976 Michael G. Lelong
8999
USAM
Helianthemum carolinianum (Walter) Michaux
JSU140213 Baldwin 23 Feb 2012 T. Wayne Barger
SP371
JSU
Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach
UWAL0037058 Washington 16 Apr 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10542
UWAL
Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach
AUA_ACC053204 Dale 16 AUG 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7638
AUA
CROCANTHEMUM CAROLINIANUM (WALT.) SPACH
TROY000018008 Butler 27 Mar 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18804
TROY
Helianthemum carolinianum (Walter) Michaux
AUA_ACC069351 Covington 16 APR 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3721
AUA
CROCANTHEMUM CAROLINIANUM (WALT.) SPACH
USAM000003772 Mobile 05 Apr 1968 Michael G. Lelong
4300
USAM
Helianthemum carolinianum (Walter) Michaux
TROY000003759 Dale 08 Mar 1997 Hannelore Rundell
16
TROY
Helianthemum carolinianum (Walter) Michaux
TROY000003762 Escambia 07 Apr 1995 Cynthia L. Brittain
64
TROY
Helianthemum carolinianum (Walter) Michaux
TROY000003760 Dale 06 Jun 2000 Michael Woods
8163
TROY
Helianthemum carolinianum (Walter) Michaux
AMAL00020028 Baldwin 24 Mar 2009 T. Wayne Barger
578
AMAL
Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach
AMAL00018786 Dallas 15 Apr 2008 T. W. Barger
129
AMAL
Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach
UWAL0044243 Baldwin 16 Apr 2004 Larsen, H.S.
1160
UWAL
Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach
UWAL0030974 Henry 30 Mar 1986 Kral, R.
73236
UWAL
Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walt.) Spach
UWAL0044240 Baldwin 21 Mar 2005 Larsen, H.S.
1447
UWAL
Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach
AMAL00014333 Baldwin 1 Apr 2008 T. W. Barger
179
AMAL
Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach
AUA_ACC051903 Butler 15 MAR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7975
AUA
CROCANTHEMUM CAROLINIANUM (WALT.) SPACH
UWAL0033762 Sumter 15 Apr 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8749
UWAL
Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach
AUA_ACC013081 Sumter 25 APR 1964 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
1842
AUA
CROCANTHEMUM CAROLINIANUM (WALT.) SPACH
AUA_ACC070221 Covington 5 APR 2011 PANCAKE, JR., DALE C.
AUA
CROCANTHEMUM CAROLINIANUM (WALT.) SPACH
UNA00011618 Mobile 16 Mar 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D838
UNA
Helianthemum carolinianum (Walt.) Michx.
JSU118896 Calhoun 20 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11533
JSU
Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach
TROY000044585 Geneva 05 Jul 2017 Cameron Byrd
1325
TROY
Crocanthemum carolinianum (Walter) Spach
UNA00011613 Mobile 26 Mar 1977 John H. Wiersema
20
UNA
Helianthemum carolinianum (Walt.) Michx.
AUA_ACC049625 Escambia 23 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4552
AUA
CROCANTHEMUM CAROLINIANUM (WALT.) SPACH
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