Symphoricarpos orbiculatus

Family:CAPRIFOLIACEAE
Species:Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
Common Name:Coralberry; Indian Current
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SYOR
Plant Notes:Coralberry is a native deciduous shrub in the Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae). It is native to the northern third of Alabama and to the Black Belt region of Central Alabama. Coralberry occurs in thin rocky woodlands, in prairie margins, in limestone glades, and along streams. It is a small suckering shrub from a taproot. It grows 2-4 feet in height with arching to divergent branches. The trunk has brown shaggy bark. Young twigs are reddish-brown in color and pubescent. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, ovate to elliptic in outline, pubescent, with entire margins. Flowers are produced in sessile axillary clusters. Each flower has a 5 lobed calyx and a tubular corolla that is greenish-yellow in color. The corolla has 5 lobes, 5 stamens, and an inferior ovary. The fruit is an oblong reddish-purple berry with 2 seed that persists on the plant late into the winter. Coralberry fruit are eaten by many bird species and Coralberry is often heavily browsed by White Tailed Deer. The foliage of Coralberry is the larval food for Snowberry Clearwing (Hemaris diffinis), and Hummingbird Clearwing (Hemaris thysbe) Moths. Coralberry is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental. It prefers a well-drained basic soil in full or partial sun. Plants should be heavily pruned in winter to promote a bushier growth form and more flowers and fruit.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC- (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCAPRIFOLIACEAE - Honeysuckle family
Genus Symphoricarpos
Species Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench - Coralberry; Indian Current

Citation

Citation SYMPHORICARPOS ORBICULATUS Moench, Methodus 503. 1794.
Basionym: Lonicera symphoricarpos Linnaeus 1753.
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 235.13). Lectotypified by Reveal & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 58: 979. 2009.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lonicera symphoricarpos Lonicera symphoricarpos Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 175. 1753. Without data (lectotype: LINN 235.13). Lectotypified by Reveal & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 58: 979. 2009.
Symphoria glomerata Symphoria glomerata Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 162. 1814, nom. illegit.Lonicera symphoricarpos Linnaeus 1753. 
Symphoricarpos giraldii Symphoricarpos giraldii Hesse, Haupt.-Preisl. 1925-1926: 122. 1925.  
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus var. spicatus Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench, var. spicatus (Engelmann ex A. Gray) C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 669. 1911.Symphoricarpos spicatus Engelmann ex A. Gray 1850. 
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus var. variegatus Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench, var. variegatus (Cowell) C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 669. 1911.Symphoricarpos vulgaris Michaux, var. variegatus Cowell 1902. 
Symphoricarpos parviflorus Symphoricarpos parviflorus Dumont de Courset, Bot. Cult. 2: 573. 1802, nom. illegit.Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench 1794; Lonicera symphoricarpos Linnaeus 1753. 
Symphoricarpos spicatus Symphoricarpos spicatus Engelmann ex A. Gray, Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6: 215. 1850. TEXAS
Symphoricarpos vulgaris Symphoricarpos vulgaris Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 106. 1803.  
Symphoricarpos vulgaris var. elongata Symphoricarpos vulgaris Michaux, var. elongata D. M. Andrews, Spring. Cat. Rockmont Nurs. 1932: 23. 1932.  
Symphoricarpos vulgaris var. leucocarpus Symphoricarpos vulgaris Michaux, var. leucocarpus D. M. Andrews, Cat. Rockmount Nurs. 1927: 10. 1927.  
Symphoricarpos vulgaris var. spicatus Symphoricarpos vulgaris Michaux, var. spicatus (Engelmann ex A. Gray) A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 13. 1884.Symphoricarpos spicatus Engelmann ex A. Gray 1850. 
Symphoricarpos vulgaris var. variegatus Symphoricarpos vulgaris Michaux, var. variegatus Cowell, in L. H. Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. 1758. 1902.  
Symphoricarpos symphoricarpos Symphoricarpos symphoricarpos (Linnaeus) MacMillan, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 19: 15. 1892, nom. inadmiss.Lonicera symphoricarpos Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Blount, Cherokee, Colbert, Cullman, Etowah, Franklin, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Morgan

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU116398 Franklin 28 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16408
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
JSU116409 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9168
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
JSU116393 Cherokee 15 Apr 1967 G. Collier
s.n.
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
AUA000010069 Lowndes 23 APR 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5859
AUA
SYMPHORICARPOS ORBICULATUS MOENCH
JSU116399 Jackson 18 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1421
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
TROY000017682 Lawrence 17 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2815
TROY
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
JSU116408 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
UNA00026816 Blount 6 Jun _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
AUA000010067 Lee 9 JUL 1970 HOPSON, GEORGE R.
0053
AUA
SYMPHORICARPOS ORBICULATUS MOENCH
JSU116395 Colbert 12 May 1973 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
JSU116405 Marshall 20 Sep 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15727
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
JSU116400 Jackson 28 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5313
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
JSU116406 Marshall 5 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1291
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
JSU116397 Etowah 27 Jun 1969 Jerry A. Clonts
s.n.
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
JSU116394 Colbert 12 May 1973 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
UWAL0011453 Lawrence 02 Aug 2012 Davenport, L.J.
5328
UWAL
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
UNA00058914 Lawrence 15 Aug 2002 Robert R. Haynes
10314
UNA
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
AMAL00006231 Madison 27 Jul 1996 S. J. Threlkeld
762
AMAL
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
UWAL0008389 Lauderdale 13 Apr 1935 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
AMAL00016723 Lauderdale 21 Oct 2009 Brian D. Holt
186
AMAL
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
UWAL0044818 Jackson 13 Jul 2019 England, J. Kevin
10453
UWAL
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
JSU116402 Lawrence 25 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17707
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
UWAL0014289 Lawrence 07 Oct 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7629
UWAL
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
UNA00044378 Madison 23 Jul 1980 Russell A. Meigs
1059
UNA
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
AMAL00018424 Lauderdale 21 Oct 2009 Brian D. Holt
186
AMAL
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
SAMF0005794 Lawrence 02 Aug 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5328
SAMF
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
TROY000017681 Colbert 12 May 1973 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
TROY
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
AMAL00006229 Madison 22 Sep 1995 S. J. Threlkeld
90
AMAL
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
UWAL0009845 Franklin 10 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6888
UWAL
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
TROY000035990 Franklin 10 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
6888
TROY
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
JSU116403 Limestone 19 Oct 1997 T. L. Hofmann
00879
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
UWAL0008390 Lawrence 17 Apr 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2815
UWAL
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
UWAL0039201 Lowndes 29 Oct 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28601
UWAL
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
JSU116396 Cullman 11 Mar 1984 C. F. Nixon
564
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
UWAL0017562 Marengo 10 Aug 2013 England, J. Kevin
4452
UWAL
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
JSU116404 Madison 22 Sep 1995 S. J. Threlkeld
98
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
UWAL0008392 Lowndes 14 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4842
UWAL
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
JSU116401 Lawrence 26 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16481
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
UWAL0008391 Lawrence 04 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1340
UWAL
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
JSU116407 Marshall 13 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
923
JSU
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
AMAL00012840 Lawrence 17 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2815
AMAL
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
AUA000010068 Lee 29 JUL 1969 FLOYD, JR., JOHN A.
135
AUA
SYMPHORICARPOS ORBICULATUS MOENCH
UNA00064742 Lawrence 17 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2815
UNA
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
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