Planodes virginicum

Family:BRASSICACEAE
Species:Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
Common Name:Virginia Rockcress; Southern Sandcress; Virginia Winged Rockcress
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes: Southern Sandcress is a native winter annual in the Mustard family (Brassicaceae).It can be found throughout Alabama. Southern Sandcress occurs in fallow fields, on roadside, and in other disturbed habitats. It has variously been place in the genera Arabis, Cardamine, and Sibara. Al-Shehbaz in his treatment in the Flora of North America states that “it is distinct from all three both morphologically and phylogenetically, and it appears to be most closely allied to Cardamine” and placed it in its own genus. Southern Sandcress has a basal rosette of pinnatifid to pinnatisect leaves. The leaves can be pubescent or glabrous. Small four petaled white flowers are produced in corymbs (a flat-topped flower cluster in which the individual flower stalks grow upward from various points of the main stem to approximately the same height). The racemes elongate as the fruit mature. The fruit is a silique (a dry dehiscent fruit that is four times longer than broad characteristic of the mustard family. When the fruit splits, the seed are exposed on a paper septum located between the two halves of the fruit.) --A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBRASSICACEAE - Mustard family
Genus Planodes
Species Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene - Virginia Rockcress; Southern Sandcress; Virginia Winged Rockcress

Citation

Citation PLANODES VIRGINICUM (Linnaeus) Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 221. 1912.
Basionym: Cardamine virginica Linnaeus 1753.
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 462 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Marhold, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 121: 128. 1996.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Arabis ludoviciana Arabis ludoviciana (Hooker) C. A. Meyer, in Fischer & C. A. Meyer, Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 9: 60. 1843.Cardamine ludoviciana Hooker 1834. 
Arabis virginica Arabis virginica (Linnaeus) Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 1: 413. 1810.Cardamine virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Cardamine hirsuta var. virginica Cardamine hirsuta Linnaeus, var. virginica (Linnaeus) Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 85. 1838.Cardamine virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Cardamine ludoviciana Cardamine ludoviciana Hooker, J. Bot. (Hooker) 1: 191. 1834. LOUISIANA
Cardamine parviflora subsp. virginica Cardamine parviflora Linnaeus, subsp. virginica (Linnaeus) O. E. Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 484. 1903.Cardamine virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Cardamine virginica Cardamine virginica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 656. 1753. VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 462 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Marhold, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 121: 128. 1996.
Sibara virginica SIBARA VIRGINICA (Linnaeus) Rollins, Rhodora 43: 481. 1941.Cardamine virginica Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Calhoun, Cherokee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Cullman, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Hale, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Randolph, St. Clair, Talladega, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2010 - 2010

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU118155 Limestone 12 Apr 1970 R. Kral
38346
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0015210 Bullock 31 Jan 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1505
UWAL
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
64960AUA_ACC Barbour 23 MAR 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15015
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
10747AUA_ACC Lee 10 APR 1963 KEYES, JOHN W.
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
UNA00012413 Tuscaloosa 9 Mar 1963 Rebecca Deramus
262
UNA
Sibara virginica (L.) Rollins
TROY000039044 Elmore 09 Jan 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24723
TROY
Sibara virginica (Linnaeus) Rollins
TROY000044832 Autauga 14 Feb 2017 Matthew R. Parker
362
TROY
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000003353 Barbour 16 Mar 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11098
TROY
Sibara virginica (Linnaeus) Rollins
AMAL00006123 Barbour 16 Mar 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11098
AMAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) E.L. Greene
UNA00012412 Hale 5 Mar 1966 Norris H. Williams
168
UNA
Sibara virginica (L.) Rollins
AMAL00011635 Cherokee 17 Mar 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12222
AMAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) E.L. Greene
UNA00012933 Tuscaloosa 3 Apr 1875 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Sibara virginica (L.) Rollins
AMAL00006127 Madison 13 Mar 1996 S. J. Threlkeld
119
AMAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) E.L. Greene
JSU118142 Cherokee 20 Mar 1980 S. Allred
020
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000017249 Calhoun 04 Mar 1970 W.E. Boone
s.n.
TROY
Sibara virginica (Linnaeus) Rollins
14943AUA_ACC Lee 2 APR 1969 GREGORY, J. M.
36
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
18787AUA_ACC Fayette 16 APR 1970 RUSH, LARRY
.020
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
UWAL0016792 Elmore 09 Jan 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24723
UWAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) Greene
JSU118157 Marshall 28 Mar 1973 R. D. Whetstone
823
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
JSU118149 Etowah 1 Apr 1971 Carol Hill
s.n.
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
AMAL00018547 Lauderdale 26 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4117
AMAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) E.L. Greene
TROY000017253 Talladega 04 Mar 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11673
TROY
Sibara virginica (Linnaeus) Rollins
JSU118152 Jackson 26 Mar 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1564
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
UNA00061196 Colbert 16 Mar 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11687
UNA
Sibara virginica (L.) Rollins
JSU118162 St. Clair 24 Feb 1983 C. F. Nixon
10
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
JSU118146 DeKalb 15 Apr 1973 R. Kral
49608
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0013207 Lawrence 03 Mar 2012 England, J. Kevin
3232
UWAL
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
2377AUA_ACC Cherokee 20 MAR 1951 EARL B. MINTON
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
10807AUA_ACC Lee 8 MAY 1963 LAMB, JAMES M.
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
JSU118144 Colbert 11 Mar 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2267
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
JSU118141 Cherokee 25 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7577
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0008202 Escambia 29 Mar 1981 Kral, R.
66785
UWAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) Greene
TROY000003354 Lee 17 Mar 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11114
TROY
Sibara virginica (Linnaeus) Rollins
UNA00012934 Tuscaloosa _-_-1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Sibara virginica (L.) Rollins
AMAL00006124 Colbert 16 Mar 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11687
AMAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) E.L. Greene
UNA00022066 Franklin 28 Mar 1973 R. Kral
49366
UNA
Sibara virginica (L.) Rollins
JSU118161 Randolph 18 Apr 1985 C. F. Nixon
1054
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
UNA00012937 Tuscaloosa 1 Mar 1977 A. D. Sisk
47
UNA
Sibara virginica (L.) Rollins
TROY000034408 Conecuh 19 Jan 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22787
TROY
Sibara virginica (Linnaeus) Rollins
10712AUA_ACC Lee 25 APR 1963 BREEDLOVE, III, B. W.
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
2003AUA_ACC Lee 14 MAR 1961 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
545
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
TROY000038345 Bullock 31 Jan 2013 Bailee Dykes
1505
TROY
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
JSU118158 Montgomery 31 Mar 1983 R. D. Whetstone
12933
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
JSU118136 St. Clair 19 Mar 1984 Donna Beavers
s.n.
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
JSU118156 Marshall 9 Mar 1995 D. D. Spaulding
7324
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000017250 Cherokee 27 Mar 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12222
TROY
Sibara virginica (Linnaeus) Rollins
UWAL0003098 Monroe 06 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6317
UWAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) Greene
UNA00061183 Talladega 4 Mar 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11673
UNA
Sibara virginica (L.) Rollins
UWAL0009877 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7041
UWAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) Greene
UNA00064424 Barbour 23 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15015
UNA
Sibara virginica (L.) Rollins
UWAL0006309 Hale 09 Apr 1983 Kral, R.
69848
UWAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) Greene
4956AUA_ACC Lee 5 APR 1964 CREEL, JOHN
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
10732AUA_ACC Lee 13 MAY 1963 KENNAMER, JAMES E.
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
UNA00012411 Hale 3 Mar 1963 Rebecca Deramus
254
UNA
Sibara virginica (L.) Rollins
JSU118159 Morgan 31 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3051
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
JSU118137 Calhoun 4 Mar 1992 F. W. Clearman
032
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000034469 Madison 31 Mar 2010 Brian R. Keener
5699
TROY
Sibara virginica (Linnaeus) Rollins
AMAL00006129 Talladega 04 Mar 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11673
AMAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) E.L. Greene
AMAL00020656 Lawrence 03 Mar 2012 J. Kevin England
3232
AMAL
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0010083 Conecuh 19 Jan 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22787
UWAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) Greene
UNA00012936 St. Clair 26 Feb 1977 Dwight K. Bradshaw
3
UNA
Sibara virginica (L.) Rollins
UWAL0008204 Madison 31 Mar 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5699
UWAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) Greene
JSU118151 Franklin 28 Mar 1972 R. Kral
45197
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0015383 Franklin 07 Mar 2014 England, J. Kevin
4723
UWAL
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
40210AUA_ACC Autauga 4 APR 1984 FLEISCHER, S. J.
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
13377AUA_ACC Cherokee 19 MAR 1968 O'NEAL, JUDY
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
JSU118154 Jackson 14 Mar 1973 R. D. Whetstone
827
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
JSU118160 Morgan 27 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7750
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0039199 Covington 09 Feb 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28737
UWAL
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0001609 Marengo 27 Mar 2010 England, J. Kevin
2277
UWAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) Greene
UWAL0015270 Dallas 14 Mar 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8259
UWAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) Greene
AMAL00006126 Lee 17 Mar 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11114
AMAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) E.L. Greene
JSU118153 Jackson 13 Mar 1998 K. R. Brodeur
365
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
UNA00059102 Barbour 16 Mar 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11098
UNA
Sibara virginica (L.) Rollins
JSU118147 Etowah 22 Mar 1984 C. F. Nixon
605
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000035979 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
7041
TROY
Sibara virginica (Linnaeus) Rollins
JSU118140 Calhoun 21 Feb 1967 W. Boone
214
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
2376AUA_ACC Lee 10 MAR 1921 JOHNSTONE, GEORGE R.
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
34612AUA_ACC Lee 11 APR 1971 TATUM, E. M.
54B
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
JSU118145 Cullman 31 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7928
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
JSU118143 Cherokee 19 Mar 1968 Dickie Brown
s.n.
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
JSU118138 Calhoun 4 Mar 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1190
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000017251 Colbert 16 Mar 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11687
TROY
Sibara virginica (Linnaeus) Rollins
JSU118139 Calhoun 3 Mar 1967 M. Jennings
s.n.
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
UNA00065663 Cherokee 27 Mar 2005 D. D. Spaulding
12222
UNA
Sibara virginica (L.) Rollins
UWAL0008203 Lauderdale 26 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4117
UWAL
Planodes virginicum (L.) Greene
TROY000028140 Lauderdale 26 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4117
TROY
Sibara virginica (Linnaeus) Rollins
JSU118135 Calhoun 8 Apr 1993 Susan Hruska
25
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
14570AUA_ACC Lee 2 APR 1969 HALL, WILLIAM G.
31
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
66853AUA_ACC Cherokee 27 MAR 2005 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12222
AUA
PLANODES VIRGINICUM (L.) GREENE
UWAL0037025 Lawrence 19 Mar 2011 England, J. Kevin
2694
UWAL
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) E.L. Greene
JSU118134 Blount 31 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7883
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
JSU118150 Franklin 18 Mar 1994 D. D. Spaulding
5101
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000017252 Marion 06 Apr 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11189
TROY
Sibara virginica (Linnaeus) Rollins
JSU118148 Etowah 19 Mar 1995 L. M. Hodge
4104
JSU
Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene
UNA00059117 Lee 17 Mar 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11114
UNA
Sibara virginica (L.) Rollins
TROY000003352 Barbour 23 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15015
TROY
Sibara virginica (Linnaeus) Rollins
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