Cardamine pensylvanica

Family:BRASSICACEAE
Species:Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
Common Name:Pennsylvania Bittercress; Quaker Bittercress
Habitat:Wet soils.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Biennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBRASSICACEAE - Mustard family
Genus Cardamine
Species Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow - Pennsylvania Bittercress; Quaker Bittercress

Citation

Citation CARDAMINE PENSYLVANICA Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 3: 486. 1800.
Basionym: **
Type: PENNSYLVANIA

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cardamine flexuosa subsp. pensylvanica Cardamine flexuosa Withering, subsp. pensylvanica (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 3: 521. 1903.Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow 1800. 
Cardamine hirsuta var. pensylvanica Cardamine hirsuta Linnaeus, var. pensylvanica (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Graff, Castanea 10: 95. 1945.Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow 1800. 
Cardamine multifolia Cardamine multifolia Rydberg, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 29: 238. 1902. UTAH: Wasatch Range, 26 Jun 1869, Watson 80 p.p. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by N. H. Holmgren, Brittonia 56: 245. 2004.
Cardamine pensylvanica var. brittoniana Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, var. brittoniana Farwell, Asa Gray Bull. 2: 46. 1894. MICHIGAN
Dracamine pensylvanica Dracamine pensylvanica (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 40. 1915.Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow 1800. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Calhoun, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1884 - 1993

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU116551 Randolph 29 Mar 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
635
JSU
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0031858 Conecuh 29 Mar 1986 Kral, Robert
73205
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
JSU116548 Marshall 23 Apr 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1441
JSU
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
AUA_ACC_65711 Autauga 12 Jan 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16121B
AUA
Cardamine Pensylvanica Muhl. Ex Willd.
UWAL0042726 Greene 29 Mar 2019 England, J. Kevin
10056
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
TROY000047690 Autauga 02 Mar 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1530
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
JSU116546 Madison 11 Mar 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8347
JSU
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0032277 Jackson 08 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6140
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
TROY000017003 Houston 14 Feb 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18701
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0046136 Autauga 09 Mar 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
438
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
TROY000003291 Dale 20 Mar 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
448
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UNA00012568 Mobile 08 Feb 1884 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
AMAL00006055 Lawrence 14 Apr 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8821
AMAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
JSU116550 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9542
JSU
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UNA00012565 Mobile 26 Mar 1977 Ross, Larry J.
11
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
AMAL00019940 Lauderdale 29 Apr 2010 Holt, Brian D.
SC-310
AMAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
SAMF0003446 Montgomery 30 Mar 1980 Davenport, Lawrence J.
1742
SAMF
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willenow
TROY000032126 Lawrence 29 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1778
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0008154 Lawrence 29 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1778
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
AMAL00006052 Barbour 06 Apr 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13836
AMAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
AMAL00006051 Blount 29 Mar 1999 Keener, Brian R.
1856
AMAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UNA00064782 Colbert 17 Apr 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2799
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
JSU116540 Etowah 11 Apr 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1106
JSU
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
AUA000038229 Morgan 4 Mar 2017 England, J. Kevin
7175
AUA
Cardamine Pensylvanica Muhl. Ex Willd.
AUA000039293 Cullman 9 May 1936 Wolf, Wolfgang
AUA
Cardamine Pensylvanica Muhl. Ex Willd.
TROY000003289 Coffee 23 Jan 2001 Martin, Brian H.
1022
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0037294 Cleburne 11 Mar 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14465
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
TROY000031628 Montgomery 13 Mar 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21175
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
TROY000017159 Blount 29 Mar 1999 Keener, Brian R.
1856
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0051448 Jefferson 01 Mar 1985 Bussey, Melanie G.
1283
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl.
JSU116543 Lawrence 26 Apr 1993 Whetstone, R. David
16474
JSU
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
AUA_ACC_65148 Pike 12 Mar 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
14978
AUA
Cardamine Pensylvanica Muhl. Ex Willd.
UNA00065229 Montgomery 30 Mar 1980 Davenport, Lawrence J.
1742
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
JSU116539 Etowah 9 Apr 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1136
JSU
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
TROY000032231 Sumter 03 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1832
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0045881 Cullman 08 Apr 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15185
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
AMAL00000720 Lawrence 29 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1778
AMAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UNA00012567 Mobile 06 Mar 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D281
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
AUA_ACC_65611 Wilcox 29 Dec 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16111
AUA
Cardamine Pensylvanica Muhl. Ex Willd.
UNA00012561 Mobile 04 Mar 1895 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
AMAL00006054 Colbert 15 Apr 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8815
AMAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
TROY000003293 Escambia 07 May 1995 Brittain, Cynthia L.
165
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
TROY000036194 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6990
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UNA00012562 Etowah 11 Apr 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
1190
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
JSU116549 Morgan 27 Mar 1976 Whetstone, R. David
7702
JSU
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
AUA_ACC_58045 Henry 31 Mar 1988 Freeman, John D.
AUA
Cardamine Pensylvanica Muhl. Ex Willd.
UNA00053767 Blount 05 Apr 1997 Keener, Brian R.
88
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
JSU116545 Limestone 1 Mar 1997 Hofmann, Tim L.
00232
JSU
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
TROY000003292 Dale 14 Mar 2000 Prazinko, Brian F.
s.n.
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UNA00064564 Pike 12 Mar 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
14978
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
SAMF0003445 Marshall 14 Apr 2010 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4188
SAMF
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willenow
AUA_ACC_66221 Montgomery 30 Mar 1980 Davenport, L.J.
1742
AUA
Cardamine Pensylvanica Muhl. Ex Willd.
UNA00060621 Barbour 06 Apr 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13836
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
AUA_ACC_49367 Pike 29 Mar 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4318
AUA
Cardamine Pensylvanica Muhl. Ex Willd.
UNA00012566 Mobile 26 Mar 1977 Bodkin, C.
14
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
AUA_ACC_60538 Crenshaw 21 Apr 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10192
AUA
Cardamine Pensylvanica Muhl. Ex Willd.
TROY000030963 Pike 12 Apr 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4414
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
AUA_ACC_48659 Henry 26 Mar 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4297
AUA
Cardamine Pensylvanica Muhl. Ex Willd.
JSU116538 Calhoun 19 Jun 1995 Hruska, Susan E.
635
JSU
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
AUA_ACC_44020 Conecuh 12 Apr 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2296
AUA
Cardamine Pensylvanica Muhl. Ex Willd.
UWAL0032445 Morgan 23 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6291
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0015940 Bullock 29 Mar 2012 Dykes, Bailee
368
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0008155 Sumter 03 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1832
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
TROY000003287 Barbour 06 Apr 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13836
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0001966 Montgomery 13 Mar 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21175
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
TROY000017002 Geneva 03 Apr 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18833
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UNA00027431 Winston 22 May 1949 Harvill, Jr., A.M.
5008
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
TROY000003296 Pike 25 Apr 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13067
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UNA00058345 Bullock 28 Mar 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12992
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
SAMF0006727 Shelby 13 Mar 2017 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6478
SAMF
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
TROY000003288 Bullock 28 Mar 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12992
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0009855 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6990
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
JSU116547 Marshall 22 Apr 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1412
JSU
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
AUA_ACC_48738 Pike 12 Apr 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4414
AUA
Cardamine Pensylvanica Muhl. Ex Willd.
UWAL0035179 Morgan 04 Mar 2017 England, J. Kevin
7175
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UNA00034292 Lauderdale 09 Apr 1988 Haynes, Robert R.
9359
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
JSU116542 Jefferson 13 Apr 1970 Kral, Robert
38386
JSU
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0001525 Marengo 09 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1878
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
TROY000046794 Autauga 09 Mar 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
438
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0035086 DeKalb 29 Apr 2017 England, J. Kevin
7662
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
TROY000037480 Bullock 29 Mar 2012 Dykes, Bailee
368
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UNA00058567 Blount 29 Mar 1999 Keener, Brian R.
1856
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
TROY000003290 Conecuh 25 Dec 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12256
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
USAM000003169 Mobile 29 Apr 1978 LeLong, Michel G.
10140
USAM
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
AMAL00006056 Pike 25 Apr 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13067
AMAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
AMAL00006053 Blount 05 Apr 1997 Keener, Brian R.
88
AMAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
JSU116544 Limestone 22 Mar 1997 Hofmann, Tim L.
00256
JSU
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
TROY000047150 Baldwin 01 Apr 1980 Lott, Bob
14
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0015848 Houston 13 Dec 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24706
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
AUA_ACC_38825 Dallas 10 Apr 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
440
AUA
Cardamine Pensylvanica Muhl. Ex Willd.
UWAL0008152 Geneva 03 Apr 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18833
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
JSU116537 Calhoun 6 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
259
JSU
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0013081 Lowndes 13 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23807
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
JSU116541 Jackson 28 Apr 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
3699
JSU
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0051449 Jefferson 11 Mar 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1290
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl.
TROY000017004 Wilcox 24 Mar 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18798
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UNA00012563 Lee 20 Feb 1898 Baker, Charles F.
s.n.
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
TROY000037754 Lowndes 13 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23807
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
TROY000003294 Henry 31 Mar 1988 Freeman, John D.
s.n.
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UNA00012564 Etowah 11 Apr 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
1192
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
TROY000017158 Autauga 12 Jan 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16121B
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0008153 Houston 14 Feb 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18701
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
UNA00060459 Mobile 19 Dec 2002 Zebryk, Tad M.
8136
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
AMAL00017707 Dallas 26 Feb 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-24
AMAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
TROY000017160 Tuscaloosa 20 Mar 1976 Kral, Robert
57436
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UNA00059936 Jefferson 14 Apr 2003 Haynes, Robert R.
10353
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
SAMF0003444 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5029
SAMF
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willenow
AUA000039407 Morgan 23 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6291
AUA
Cardamine Pensylvanica Muhl. Ex Willd.
UNA00022149 Coffee 28 Mar 1993 Haynes, Robert R.
9411
UNA
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
AUA000030098 Lee 17 Mar 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
CSP-107
AUA
Cardamine Pensylvanica Muhl. Ex Willd.
UWAL0052994 Shelby 13 Mar 2017 Davenport, L.J.
6478
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
TROY000003297 Wilcox 29 Dec 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16111
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
UWAL0042831 Baldwin 01 Mar 2004 Larsen, Harry S.
1340
UWAL
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
TROY000003295 Pike 12 Mar 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
14978
TROY
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow
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