Lithospermum virginianum

Family:BORAGINACEAE
Species:Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
Common Name:Virginia Marbleseed; Wild Job's Tears; Virginia False Gromwell
Habitat:Sandhills, dry woods, and roadside banks.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Virginia Marbleseed is a native perennial in the Borage family (Boraginaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Virginia Marbleseed occurs in dry sandy pine or mixed pine/hardwood forests, in sand hills, in scrub oak woods, in rocky woods, and on limestone outcrops. It is a perennial from a stout woody tap root. Basal leaves form a rosette. One or more flowering stems arise from the rosettes. The flowering stems are from 1-3 feet in height. Leaves on the stems are alternate, sessile, and reduced in size. Leaves are elliptic to lanceolate or spatulate with entire margins. The leaves have fie prominent veins. Both the stems and leaves are densely pubescent. The hairs have a swollen base. Flowers are produced in leafy bracted helicoid cymes. The flowers are tubular and yellowish in color. The flowers have an inflated base and the style is strongly excerted. Flowers open from the base to the apex of the inflorescence. The fruit is a shiny white, pitted mericarp. The mericarps have a very thick seed coat and are difficult to germinate. Mature plants are difficult to transplant because of the large tap root.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBORAGINACEAE - Borage family
Genus Lithospermum
Species Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus - Virginia Marbleseed; Wild Job's Tears; Virginia False Gromwell

Citation

Citation LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 132. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 647 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by E. F. Wells, in Cafferty & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 53: 802. 2004.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Onosmodium alabamense Onosmodium alabamense Gandoger, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 63. 1918. ALABAMA: Baldwin Co.: Gateswood, 1 May 1903, Tracy 8400 (holotype: P; isotype: GH).
Onosmodium floridanum Onosmodium floridanum Gandoger, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 63. 1918. FLORIDA: Polk Co.: Without data, Ohlinger 618 (holotype: P).
Onosmodium hispidum Onosmodium hispidum Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 133. 1803,. nom. illegit. Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus 1753. 
Onosmodium longistylum Onosmodium longistylum Gandoger, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 63. 1918. SOUTH CAROLINA: Oconee Co.: About Oconee, s.d., Anderson s.n. (holotype: P).
Onosmodium virginianum Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 70. 1846.Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus 1753. 
Onosmodium virginianum var. hirsutum Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) de Candolle, var. hirsutum Mackenzie, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 499. 1905. ALABAMA: Lee Co.: Auburn, 29 May 1897, Earle & Baker s.n. (holotype: MO).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Coffee, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Houston, Lee, Macon, Marshall, Mobile, Pike, St. Clair, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000003241 Butler 05 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13144
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
UWAL0002802 Butler 24 Apr 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21969
UWAL
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
UWAL0044468 Baldwin 11 May 2000 Larsen, H.S.
567
UWAL
Lithospermum virginianum L.
UWAL0042500 Bullock 28 Aug 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4175
UWAL
Lithospermum virginianum L.
TROY000041989 Geneva 08 May 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26318
TROY
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC028822 Tallapoosa 27 MAY 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
3047
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
AMAL00015703 Geneva 14 Apr 2001 R. Kral
90802
AMAL
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00058329 Butler 5 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13144
UNA
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
UWAL0008008 Crenshaw 24 May 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19318
UWAL
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
AUA_ACC065496 Baldwin 11 MAY 2005 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
1752
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
AUA_ACC004024 Lee 13 MAY 1950 BLANKENSHIP, LUA R.
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
AUA_ACC052395 Pike 20 APR 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9069
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
UNA00010646 Tuscaloosa 18 May 1989 Robert Burckhalter
1634
UNA
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
AUA_ACC007356 Lee 27 MAY 1958 SANSING, NORMAN G.
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
JSU114925 Houston 24 Apr 1994 John R. MacDonald
7101
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC046780 Macon 10 MAY 1981 HORN, SUSAN
126
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
UNA00024251 Lee _ Jul 1896 Baker
s.n.
UNA
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
AUA_ACC026672 Macon 11 MAY 1972 DOOLEY, M. K.
139
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
TROY000032561 Covington 01 May 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22016
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
USAM000003102 Mobile 28 Apr 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3090
USAM
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
UNA00057725 Bibb 30 Apr 1994 James R. Allison
8232
UNA
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
AUA_ACC051196 Geneva 5 MAY 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6895
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
UWAL0033066 Conecuh 21 May 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27415
UWAL
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00024253 Bibb 14 Apr 1986 Charles N. Horn
1080
UNA
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
JSU114926 Lee 14 May 1964 Gene A. Bozarth
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC023984 Chilton 20 MAY 1971 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
717
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
JSU114927 Marshall 21 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1765
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
AMAL00019967 Mobile 25 May 2013 Howard E. Horne
2217
AMAL
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
TROY000044177 Escambia 12 May 2015 Darryl Searcy
s.n.
TROY
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
AMAL00005997 Butler 05 May 2002 A. R. Diamond
13144
AMAL
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC004023 Bullock 29 MAY 1950 ORR, WILLIAM P.
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
AMAL00005998 Coosa 10 May 1999 R. Kral
88264
AMAL
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00060270 Hale 13 May 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13916
UNA
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
UNA00021990 Geneva 25 Jun 1974 R. Kral
53478
UNA
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
USAM000003104 Baldwin 27 Apr 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8370
USAM
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
UNA00024244 Greene 25 Apr 1967 H. Naugle
G 239
UNA
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
TROY000047089 Baldwin 11 Apr 1975 Michel G. LeLong
8322
TROY
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC051272 Covington 5 MAY 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6883
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
TROY000043707 Conecuh 21 May 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27415
TROY
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00024250 Escambia 14 Jun 1892 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
UWAL0038175 Baldwin 27 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8370
UWAL
Lithospermum virginianum L.
JSU114928 Marshall 9 Aug 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2630
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC063013 Hale 13 MAY 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
13916
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
UWAL0004982 Covington 01 May 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22016
UWAL
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
JSU114922 Choctaw 3 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39657
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
USAM000003100 Baldwin 27 Apr 1974 Michel G. Lelong
7711
USAM
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
JSU114929 St. Clair 22 May 1972 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC052215 Coffee 26 APR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8202
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
AUA_ACC051058 Crenshaw 30 APR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6863
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
USAM000003103 Mobile 04 May 1968 D. L. Scott
170
USAM
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
UNA00024248 Cullman _-_-1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
UWAL0038172 Baldwin 11 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8322
UWAL
Lithospermum virginianum L.
AUA_ACC053256 Crenshaw 12 MAY 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8249
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
USAM000003099 Baldwin 11 Apr 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8322
USAM
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
AUA_ACC018077 Geneva 25 JUL 1968 KRAL, ROBERT
32016
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
JSU114930 St. Clair 22 May 1972 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC057353 Crenshaw 24 AUG 1997 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11081
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
TROY000003242 Coffee 03 May 2000 Brian H. Martin
685
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
USAM000003101 Mobile 04 May 1968 D. L. Scott
169
USAM
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
UNA00024247 Mobile _ Jun 1879 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
TROY000016732 Crenshaw 24 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19318
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
JSU114923 Etowah 24 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3886
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
TROY000003244 Lee 13 Aug 1978 Robert Kral
62514
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
TROY000016790 Hale 13 May 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13916
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
AUA_ACC035328 Covington 7 MAY 1979 COGGINS, W. A.
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
AUA_ACC051378 Crenshaw 23 APR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6836
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
AMAL00020423 Calhoun 02 May 1994 D.D. Spaulding
5218
AMAL
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
TROY000016791 St. Clair 16 May 1980 Robert Kral
65095
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
JSU114921 Cherokee 28 May 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC007673 Lee 26 May 1960 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
194
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM L.
JSU114924 Etowah 6 May 1996 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4472
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
TROY000003243 Covington 15 Jun 1999 John R. MacDonald
13021
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
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