Lithospermum virginianum

Family:BORAGINACEAE
Species:Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
Common Name:Virginia Marbleseed; Wild Job's Tears; Virginia False Gromwell
Habitat:Sandhills, dry woods, and roadside banks.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Virginia Marbleseed is a native perennial in the Borage family (Boraginaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Virginia Marbleseed occurs in dry sandy pine or mixed pine/hardwood forests, in sand hills, in scrub oak woods, in rocky woods, and on limestone outcrops. It is a perennial from a stout woody tap root. Basal leaves form a rosette. One or more flowering stems arise from the rosettes. The flowering stems are from 1-3 feet in height. Leaves on the stems are alternate, sessile, and reduced in size. Leaves are elliptic to lanceolate or spatulate with entire margins. The leaves have fie prominent veins. Both the stems and leaves are densely pubescent. The hairs have a swollen base. Flowers are produced in leafy bracted helicoid cymes. The flowers are tubular and yellowish in color. The flowers have an inflated base and the style is strongly excerted. Flowers open from the base to the apex of the inflorescence. The fruit is a shiny white, pitted mericarp. The mericarps have a very thick seed coat and are difficult to germinate. Mature plants are difficult to transplant because of the large tap root.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBORAGINACEAE - Borage family
Genus Lithospermum
Species Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus - Virginia Marbleseed; Wild Job's Tears; Virginia False Gromwell

Citation

Citation LITHOSPERMUM VIRGINIANUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 132. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 647 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by E. F. Wells, in Cafferty & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 53: 802. 2004.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Onosmodium alabamense Onosmodium alabamense Gandoger, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 63. 1918. ALABAMA: Baldwin Co.: Gateswood, 1 May 1903, Tracy 8400 (holotype: P; isotype: GH).
Onosmodium floridanum Onosmodium floridanum Gandoger, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 63. 1918. FLORIDA: Polk Co.: Without data, Ohlinger 618 (holotype: P).
Onosmodium hispidum Onosmodium hispidum Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 133. 1803,. nom. illegit. Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus 1753. 
Onosmodium longistylum Onosmodium longistylum Gandoger, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 63. 1918. SOUTH CAROLINA: Oconee Co.: About Oconee, s.d., Anderson s.n. (holotype: P).
Onosmodium virginianum Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 70. 1846.Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus 1753. 
Onosmodium virginianum var. hirsutum Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) de Candolle, var. hirsutum Mackenzie, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 499. 1905. ALABAMA: Lee Co.: Auburn, 29 May 1897, Earle & Baker s.n. (holotype: MO).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Houston, Lee, Macon, Marshall, Mobile, Morgan, Pike, St. Clair, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1880 - 1989

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC_18077 Geneva 25 Jul 1968 Kral, Robert
32016
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
TROY000016791 St. Clair 16 May 1980 Kral, Robert
65095
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
AUA000039160 Morgan 19 May 1934 Wolf, Wolfgang
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
UNA00024250 Escambia 14 Jun 1892 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Lithospermum virginianum L.
JSU114930 St. Clair 22 May 1972 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
USAM000003103 Mobile 04 May 1968 Scott, D.L.
170
USAM
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
UWAL0004982 Covington 01 May 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22016
UWAL
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
UNA00024256 Chilton 09 Jul 1987 Haynes, Robert R.
9209
UNA
Lithospermum virginianum L.
UWAL0002802 Butler 24 Apr 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21969
UWAL
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
ALNHS00004609 Crenshaw 21 Apr 2017 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2986
ALNHS
Lithospermum virginianum L.
AUA_ACC_51378 Crenshaw 23 Apr 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6836
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
TROY000044177 Escambia 12 May 2015 Searcy, Darryl
s.n.
TROY
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
JSU114926 Lee 14 May 1964 Bozarth, Gene A.
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
TROY000003243 Covington 15 Jun 1999 MacDonald, John R.
13021
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
AUA000039129 Cullman 9 Sep 1933 Wolf, Wolfgang
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
JSU114929 St. Clair 22 May 1972 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
JSU114923 Etowah 24 Sep 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
3886
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
UWAL0042500 Bullock 28 Aug 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4175
UWAL
Lithospermum virginianum L.
UNA00024243 Colbert 20 Jun 1980 McDaniel, Sidney
23957A
UNA
Lithospermum virginianum L.
TROY000003241 Butler 05 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13144
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
AUA_ACC_57353 Crenshaw 24 Aug 1997 Diamond, Alvin R.
11081
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
JSU114928 Marshall 9 Aug 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2630
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00024248 Cullman _ _ 1893 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Lithospermum virginianum L.
JSU114922 Choctaw 3 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39657
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00024244 Greene 25 Apr 1967 Naugle, Helen E.
G 239
UNA
Lithospermum virginianum L.
UWAL0038172 Baldwin 11 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8322
UWAL
Lithospermum virginianum L.
AUA_ACC_63013 Hale 13 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13916
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
JSU114927 Marshall 21 May 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1765
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00057725 Bibb 30 Apr 1994 Allison, James R.
8232
UNA
Lithospermum virginianum L.
USAM000003104 Baldwin 27 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8370
USAM
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
UWAL0033066 Conecuh 21 May 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27415
UWAL
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00010646 Tuscaloosa 18 May 1989 Burckhalter, Robert
1634
UNA
Lithospermum virginianum L.
JSU114925 Houston 24 Apr 1994 MacDonald, John R.
7101
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
TROY000003242 Coffee 03 May 2000 Martin, Brian H.
685
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
UWAL0044468 Baldwin 11 May 2000 Larsen, Harry S.
567
UWAL
Lithospermum virginianum L.
AUA_ACC_53256 Crenshaw 12 May 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8249
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
JSU114924 Etowah 6 May 1996 Hodge-Spaulding, Lesley M.
4472
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
UWAL0052281 Bibb 16 Jun 2017 Keener, Brian R.
10195
UWAL
Lithospermum virginianum L.
USAM000003100 Baldwin 27 Apr 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7711
USAM
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
AUA_ACC_7356 Lee 27 May 1958 Sansing, Norman G.
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
AUA_ACC_4024 Lee 13 May 1950 Blankenship, Lua R.
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
ALNHS00000604 Bullock 05 May 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#297
ALNHS
Lithospermum virginianum L.
AUA_ACC_52395 Pike 20 Apr 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9069
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
AMAL00019967 Mobile 25 May 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2217
AMAL
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
TROY000032561 Covington 01 May 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22016
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
UWAL0008008 Crenshaw 24 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19318
UWAL
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
AMAL00015703 Geneva 14 Apr 2001 Kral, Robert
90802
AMAL
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00024246 Lee _ Jun 1897 Baker, Charles F.
s.n.
UNA
Lithospermum virginianum L.
AUA_ACC_35328 Covington 7 May 1979 Coggins, W.A.
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
AUA_ACC_7673 Lee 26 May 1960 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
194
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
TROY000043707 Conecuh 21 May 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27415
TROY
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_51196 Geneva 5 May 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6895
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
AUA_ACC_28822 Tallapoosa 27 May 1976 Rutland, David W.
3047
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
AUA000039161 Cullman 17 Jun 1934 Wolf, Wolfgang
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
UNA00024255 Autauga 17 Jul 1880 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Lithospermum virginianum L.
USAM000003101 Mobile 04 May 1968 Scott, D.L.
169
USAM
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
AUA_ACC_46780 Macon 10 May 1981 Horn, Susan
126
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
UNA00060270 Hale 13 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13916
UNA
Lithospermum virginianum L.
AUA_ACC_23984 Chilton 20 May 1971 Freeman, John D.
717
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
TROY000016732 Crenshaw 24 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19318
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
JSU114921 Cherokee 28 May 1968 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00021990 Geneva 25 Jun 1974 Kral, Robert
53478
UNA
Lithospermum virginianum L.
AMAL00005997 Butler 05 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13144
AMAL
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00024247 Mobile _ Jun 1879 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Lithospermum virginianum L.
AMAL00020423 Calhoun 02 May 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
5218
AMAL
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
ALNHS00006214 Baldwin 07 Nov 2018 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#4250
ALNHS
Lithospermum virginianum L.
UWAL0038175 Baldwin 27 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8370
UWAL
Lithospermum virginianum L.
AUA_ACC_4023 Bullock 29 May 1950 Orr, William P.
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
AMAL00005998 Coosa 10 May 1999 Kral, Robert
88264
AMAL
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00024251 Lee _ Jul 1896 Baker, Charles F.
s.n.
UNA
Lithospermum virginianum L.
USAM000003102 Mobile 28 Apr 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3090
USAM
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
AUA_ACC_51058 Crenshaw 30 Apr 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6863
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
TROY000041989 Geneva 08 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26318
TROY
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_65496 Baldwin 11 May 2005 Hansen, Curtis J.
1752
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
AUA_ACC_51272 Covington 5 May 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6883
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
AUA000039121 Baldwin 15 Jul 1926 Wolf, Wolfgang
2642
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
TROY000016790 Hale 13 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13916
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
TROY000047089 Baldwin 11 Apr 1975 Lelong, Michel G.
8322
TROY
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_52215 Coffee 26 Apr 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8202
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
UNA00058329 Butler 05 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13144
UNA
Lithospermum virginianum L.
AUA_ACC_26672 Macon 11 May 1972 Dooley, K.
139
AUA
Lithospermum Virginianum L.
UWAL0050264 Colbert 31 May 1980 Webb, David H.
2838
UWAL
Lithospermum virginianum Linnaeus
USAM000003099 Baldwin 11 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8322
USAM
Onosmodium virginianum (L.) A. DC.
TROY000003244 Lee 13 Aug 1978 Kral, Robert
62514
TROY
Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) Alphonse de Candolle
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