Lithospermum tuberosum

Family:BORAGINACEAE
Species:Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
Common Name:Tuberous Gromwell; Southern Stoneseed
Habitat:Mesic hardwood forests, ravines, and bluffs.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:LITU2
Plant Notes:Tuberous Gromwell is a native perennial in the Borage family (Boraginaceae). It can be found in all but the southernmost counties in Alabama. Tuberous Gromwell grows in mesic hardwood forests, in rocky woods, in prairie woods, in ravines, and on bluffs. Tuberous Gromwell is most common in areas underlain by limestone. It is a perennial with thickened tuberous-like roots. Stems are from 6-15 inches in height. The stems branch in the upper portions. The stems are covered in long hairs. Leaves are basal and cauline. The basal leaves form a rosette that persist until flowering. Leaves are oblanceolate to elliptic in outline, entire, and pubescent. The hairs on the leaves have a swollen base (postulate). Stem leaves are alternate and smaller than basal leaves. Flowers are produced in leafy-bracted cymes. The cymes continue to elongate as flowering and fruiting progresses. The corolla is yellowish or greenish-white in color. The corolla has a short tube and five spreading star shaped lobes. The fruit is a white, wrinkled, and stone-like mericarp.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBORAGINACEAE - Borage family
Genus Lithospermum
Species Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle - Tuberous Gromwell; Southern Stoneseed

Citation

Citation LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM Rugel ex de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 76. 1846.
Basionym: **
Type: FLORIDA: Gadsden Co.: Near Aspalaga.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Butler, Chambers, Chilton, Clarke, Colbert, Conecuh, Dallas, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Monroe, Morgan, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00039479 Madison 13 Apr 1980 Russell A. Meigs
230
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
JSU114911 Marshall 23 Apr 1993 D. D. Spaulding
3500
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
AUA_ACC038479 Madison 8 APR 1972 DOOLEY, M. K.
58
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
TROY000044911 Autauga 02 Mar 2017 Matthew Parker
376
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UNA00039472 Bibb _-_-1953 Taxonomy class-Spring 1953
s.n.
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
TROY000016768 Jackson 15 Apr 2007 Brian R. Keener
3495
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
JSU114900 Fayette 18 Mar 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9423
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
AMAL00014670 Tallapoosa 13 Jun 2006 T. Wayne Barger
203
AMAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UNA00012881 s.d. Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
JSU114895 Etowah 12 Jun 1994 L. M. Hodge
2360
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0007989 Morgan 04 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1836
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
JSU114906 Jackson 14 Apr 1973 R. Kral
49586
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0007987 Jackson 15 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3495
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
TROY000032495 Dallas 12 May 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22087
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. del Candolle
AUA_ACC038820 Lowndes 6 SEP 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1125
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
JSU114904 Jackson 1 May 1998 K. R. Brodeur
627
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
TROY000030939 Clarke 19 Mar 1955 Donald E. Davis
s.n.
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
JSU114905 Jackson 4 May 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6128
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
AUA_ACC041056 Bibb 13 MAY 1983 WHETSTONE, R. DAVID
13427
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
TROY000045628 Autauga 15 Sep 2016 Matthew Parker
75
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
AMAL00020114 Lauderdale 28 Jun 2010 Brian D. Holt
377
AMAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
TROY000016769 Sumter 19 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3421
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
JSU114892 Bibb 18 May 1984 R. D. Whetstone
13945
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
AMAL00020066 Dallas 15 Apr 2010 T. Wayne Barger
47
AMAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UNA00056603 Bibb 1 May 1953 Jack S. Brown
s.n.
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
JSU114898 Etowah 20 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3086
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
TROY000038256 Butler 02 Apr 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23890
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0007991 Sumter 19 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3421
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
TROY000032378 Butler 17 Apr 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21909
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. del Candolle
AUA_ACC038821 Autauga 7 SEP 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1194
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
TROY000040789 Colbert 17 Jun 2013 Brian R. Keener
7918
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A. P. de Candolle
AUA_ACC057214 Jackson 14 APR 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
49586
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
JSU114894 Blount 17 Aug 1997 J. M. Ballard
7368
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0012379 Butler 02 Apr 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23890
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. Candolle
JSU114912 Marshall 13 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
927
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
AUA_ACC049483 Conecuh 30 JAN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4102
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
USAM000003070 Monroe 10 Apr 1970 B. Eugene Wofford
10416
USAM
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
JSU114918 St. Clair 22 May 1972 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0005507 Dallas 12 May 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22088
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UNA00039477 Bibb 11 Apr 1979 John H. Wiersema
523
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
JSU114917 Morgan 10 Jun 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8427
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
JSU114903 Jackson 28 Apr 1994 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UNA00058687 Lawrence 17 Apr 2005 Brian R. Keener
2626
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
TROY000034969 Butler 22 Apr 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22956
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0007988 Marengo 17 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1972
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
UNA00053299 Fayette 8 Jun 1999 Robert R. Haynes
9975
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
AUA_ACC063323 Monroe 4 APR 2003 CONTI, ANDREA
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
UWAL0006054 Monroe 10 Apr 1983 Kral, R.
69871
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC
UNA00039481 Monroe 10 Mar 1968 Sidney McDaniel
10352
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
AUA_ACC033013 Bibb 8 JUL 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
193
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
JSU114901 Franklin 14 May 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16368
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
AMAL00020035 Monroe 06 Apr 2011 T. Wayne Barger
65
AMAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UNA00012880 Tuscaloosa 1 Apr _ Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
JSU114897 Etowah 13 Apr 1996 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4441
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0011683 Colbert 17 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7918
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
JSU114920 Tuscaloosa 3 Mar 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9340
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0019091 Franklin 14 Apr 1998 Kral, R.
87285
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC
UNA00039475 Tuscaloosa 25 Mar 1962 Rebecca Deramus
78
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
AUA_ACC038815 Wilcox 16 APR 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
505
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
TROY000036589 Sumter 11 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
6934
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
AMAL00005983 Etowah 14 Apr 1995 D.D. Spaulding
7900
AMAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
JSU114908 Lauderdale 14 Apr 1969 D. W.
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
TROY000016767 Jackson 31 Mar 1973 R. David Whetstone
s.n.
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
AMAL00013858 Lawrence 17 Apr 2005 Brian R. Keener
2626
AMAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
TROY000014733 St. Clair 26 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4486
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
JSU114890 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11748
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
TROY000016786 Autauga 29 Jul 1989 Alvin R. Diamond
6177
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UNA00039482 Tuscaloosa 13 Apr 1966 Joab L. Thomas
796
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
JSU114919 Talladega 14 May 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
JSU114896 Etowah 28 Apr 1972 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UNA00053852 Blount 13 Jun 1997 Brian R. Keener
201
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
UWAL0031458 Colbert 23 Apr 2011 England, J. Kevin
2815
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex AP de Candolle
TROY000029569 Butler 19 Mar 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20535
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
AUA_ACC038818 Dallas 9 APR 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
397
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
UNA00039474 Lawrence 26 Apr 1977 Robert R. Haynes
6114
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
AUA_ACC019257 Chambers 11 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
257-69
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
TROY000036108 Madison 27 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
6959
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0007986 Jackson 12 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4208
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
UNA00039468 Autauga 7 Sep 1982 S. C. Gunn
1194
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
AUA_ACC033562 Bibb 12 APR 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
923
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
JSU114913 Marshall 12 Jun 1993 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UNA00039471 Tuscaloosa 11 Apr 1969 Cole L. B. Benton Jr.
s.n.
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
UWAL0009752 Madison 27 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6959
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
AUA_ACC004006 Clarke 19 MAR 1955 DAVIS, DONALD E.
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
TROY000029789 Jackson 13 May 2009 Terry Wayne Barger
121
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
JSU114914 Marshall 29 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7794
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
AUA_ACC037518 Marshall 23 AUG 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
438
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
JSU114891 Autauga 7 Sep 1982 S. C. Gunn
1194
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0044866 Colbert 20 Apr 2019 England, J. Kevin
10137
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0033890 Fayette 30 Mar 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9423
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UNA00066014 Lawrence 6 May 1999 Robert R. Haynes
9947
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
UWAL0032373 Franklin 14 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6210
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
AUA_ACC072070 Jefferson 11 APR 2012 BARGER, T. WAYNE
519
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
UWAL0006032 Jackson 07 Jun 1982 Kral, R.
68684
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC
UNA00039469 Dallas 9 Apr 1982 S. C. Gunn
397
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
AUA_ACC035024 Jefferson 7 JUL 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1697
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
JSU114893 Bibb 13 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13427
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
AMAL00005985 Madison 05 May 1996 S. J. Threlkeld
229
AMAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0007992 Tuscaloosa 30 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5124
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
JSU114910 Madison 1 Apr 1973 Bob Gurley
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
TROY000016787 Chilton 03 May 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15286
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0015579 Lowndes 16 Apr 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8339
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
JSU114915 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0018543 Lowndes 06 Apr 1993 Kral, R.
81996
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC
JSU114909 Madison 22 Sep 1995 S. J. Threlkeld
82
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
AUA_ACC038822 Autauga 12 MAY 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
530
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
UWAL0034672 Lowndes 04 Oct 1994 Kral, R.
84276
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC
UNA00039478 Wilcox 16 Apr 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7720
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
AUA_ACC025674 Franklin 16 APR 1965 KRAL, ROBERT
23565
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
JSU114902 Jackson 24 Oct 1992 J. M. Ballard
781
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0009726 Sumter 11 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6934
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
UNA00039470 Lowndes 6 Sep 1982 S. C. Gunn
1125
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
AUA_ACC043579 Wilcox 6 APR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
313
AUA
LITHOSPERMUM TUBEROSUM UGEL.
JSU114907 Jackson 25 Apr 1973 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0007990 St. Clair 26 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4486
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
AMAL00005982 Bibb 23 Apr 1953 Taxonomy class-Spring 1953
s.n.
AMAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UNA00039480 St. Clair 28 Apr 1979 L. J. Davenport
1084
UNA
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex DC.
JSU114916 Morgan 28 May 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4111
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
TROY000032194 Marengo 17 Apr 2009 J. Kevin England
1972
TROY
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
JSU114899 Fayette 8 Jun 1999 Robert R. Haynes
9975
JSU
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0044765 Jackson 02 Jun 2018 England, J. Kevin
9187
UWAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
AMAL00021666 Lowndes 16 Apr 2014 Brian R. Keener
8339
AMAL
Lithospermum tuberosum Rugel ex A.P. de Candolle
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