Heliotropium indicum

Family:HELIOTROPACEAE
Species:Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
Common Name:Turnsole; Indian Heliotrope
Habitat:River and creek banks, margins of ponds, lakes, and beaver ponds, wet disturbed areas.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:HEIN
Plant Notes:Turnsole is an introduced annual in the Heliotrope family (Heliotropaceae). It is native to Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, but has become widely established in tropical and subtropical areas around the globe. It Alabama it is found state-wide. Turnsole grows on river banks, on exposed pond and lake bottoms, and in disturbed wetlands. It is an annual with a tap root. Stems are erect and 2-3 feet in height. Stems are green in color and pubescent with long white hairs. Leaves are alternate, petiolate with winged petioles, ovate to oblong in outline, with toothed margins. The leaves are pubescent with white hairs on both surfaces. The inflorescence is a helicoid cyme. Flowers are blue in color and the corolla is five lobed. The fruit is a dry and deeply 2-lobed schizocarp. It splits into 2 1-seeded mericarps.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FAC+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyHELIOTROPACEAE - Schrader family
Genus Heliotropium
Species Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus - Turnsole; Indian Heliotrope

Citation

Citation HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 130. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, Herb. Hermann 1: 9, no. 70 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by R. R. Mill, in Cafferty & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 53: 802. 2004.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Eliopia riparia Eliopia riparia Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 90. 1838.  
Eliopia serrata Eliopia serrata Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 90. 1838, nom. illegit.Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Heliophytum indicum Heliophytum indicum (Linnaeus) de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 556. 1845.Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Heliotropium africanum Heliotropium africanum Schumacher & Thonning, in Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 87. 1827.GHANA: Without data, Thonning 69 (holotype: C). 
Heliotropium foetidum Heliotropium foetidum Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 112. 1796, nom. illegit.Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Heliotropium cordifolium Heliotropium cordifolium Moench, Methodus 415. 1794, nom. illegit.Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Heliotropium horminifolium Heliotropium horminifolium Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Tiaridium indicum Tiaridium indicum (Linnaeus) Lehmann, Pl. Asperif. Nucif. 14. 1818.Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Franklin, Geneva, Greene, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
13860AUA_ACC Lee 29 JUN 1966 DIEM, JOHN R.
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
USAM000003048 Mobile 13 Oct 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8838
USAM
Heliotropium indicum L.
416AUA_ACC Lee 27 JUN 1964 SUMANIDJAJA, KUSMAN
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
JSU114561 Jefferson 17 Oct 1975 A. E. Radford
s.n.
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
35790AUA_ACC Tallapoosa 23 SEP 1972 BOWERS, JOHN R.
40
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
UWAL0008632 Marengo 24 Jul 2011 England, J. Kevin
3080
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
JSU114556 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19004
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
USAM000003053 Baldwin 25 Oct 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11778
USAM
Heliotropium indicum L.
UWAL0014351 Walker 23 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1442
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
UNA00039413 Perry 16 Nov 1980 John S. Williams
233
UNA
Heliotropium indicum L.
TROY000003228 Barbour 26 Jul 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11902
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
JSU114573 Talladega 13 Oct 1992 J. M. Ballard
738
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
33259AUA_ACC Dallas 8 SEP 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
548
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
JSU114554 Calhoun 24 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12017
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
USAM000003054 Mobile 01 Nov 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11812
USAM
Heliotropium indicum L.
UNA00057174 Limestone 14 Jun 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18042
UNA
Heliotropium indicum L.
42604AUA_ACC Macon 13 AUG 1972 POUNDERS, C. T.
196
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
UWAL0034099 Cleburne 20 Sep 2015 Spaulding, Dan
14456
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum L.
UNA00039414 Tuscaloosa 28 Sep 1980 Barbara Y. Youngblood
53
UNA
Heliotropium indicum L.
TROY000016726 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18113
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
35786AUA_ACC Macon 5 OCT 1972 ALLEN, J. D.
50
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
TROY000003229 Butler 12 Aug 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16798
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
48333AUA_ACC Madison 11 OCT 1980 HAYNES, GRETCHEN
15
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
UWAL0004874 Marengo 27 Jun 2011 England, J. Kevin
2928
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
UNA00039412 Sumter 2 Jul 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2281
UNA
Heliotropium indicum L.
USAM000003052 Baldwin 30 Aug 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11354
USAM
Heliotropium indicum L.
JSU114567 Marshall 24 Jul 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2425
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
35037AUA_ACC Jefferson 28 JUL 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1747
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
JSU114565 Limestone 14 Jun 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18042
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
71581AUA_ACC Clarke 7 SEP 2003 KEENER, BRIAN R.
2965
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
SAMF0004421 Talladega 07 Oct 2003 Davenport, L. J.
3004
SAMF
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
JSU114559 Etowah 9 Oct 1994 L. M. Hodge
4011
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
TROY000016746 Bibb 14 Oct 1978 Robert Kral
63056
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
UNA00039401 Tuscaloosa 19 Nov 1980 Wendy R. Forster
120
UNA
Heliotropium indicum L.
UWAL0007915 St. Clair 13 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4978
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum L.
JSU114557 Colbert 17 Jul 1965 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
UWAL0007914 Clarke 07 Sep 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2965
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum L.
UNA00058548 Blount 24 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
1296
UNA
Heliotropium indicum L.
65853AUA_ACC Crenshaw 12 JUL 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16686
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
AMAL00014766 Cherokee 02 Nov 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12804
AMAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
UNA00069126 Cherokee 2 Nov 2007 D. D. Spaulding
12804
UNA
Heliotropium indicum L.
TROY000003233 Montgomery 31 Aug 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12043
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
AMAL00016583 Crenshaw 12 Jul 2006 A. R. Diamond
16686
AMAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
50689AUA_ACC Crenshaw 27 OCT 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7844
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
AMAL00005972 Blount 24 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
1296
AMAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
UNA00039408 Greene 4 Jul 1966 Rebecca Deramus
s.n.
UNA
Heliotropium indicum L.
JSU114569 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18545
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
22582AUA_ACC Lee 11 NOV 1971 HENLEY, NANCY S.
195
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
SAMF0004423 Blount 06 Aug 2009 Davenport, L. J.
4005
SAMF
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
USAM000003046 Wilcox 27 Sep 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6969
USAM
Heliotropium indicum L.
JSU114552 Calhoun 30 Jul 1986 C. L. Lawler
835
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
USAM000003050 Mobile 14 Sep 1974 Michel G. Lelong
8183.1
USAM
Heliotropium indicum L.
46984AUA_ACC Pike 21 OCT 1982 WILBURN, JOHN C.
72
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
JSU114564 Jefferson 17 Oct 1975 A. E. Radford
s.n.
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
23731AUA_ACC Tuscaloosa 4 JUL 1971 BURDETT, R. A.
105
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
UWAL0007913 Cherokee 02 Nov 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12804
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum L.
JSU114553 Calhoun 5 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11842
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
USAM000003044 Baldwin 25 Oct 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11778
USAM
Heliotropium indicum L.
UWAL0033975 Marengo 16 Oct 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9883
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
UNA00039404 Dallas 18 Aug 1978 L. J. Davenport
759
UNA
Heliotropium indicum L.
UWAL0010120 Bullock 23 Oct 2011 Dykes, Bailee
0250
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
JSU114558 DeKalb 30 Aug 1997 J. M. Ballard
7457
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
UWAL0018977 Geneva 15 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74248
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum L.
37256AUA_ACC Choctaw 16 JUN 1981 HENDERSON, T.
189
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
TROY000003234 Pike 06 Sep 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16864
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
UNA00039395 Mobile 22 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
966
UNA
Heliotropium indicum L.
20807AUA_ACC Marengo 28 AUG 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
693-69
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
UWAL0033307 Franklin 13 Aug 2016 England, J. Kevin
6714
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
TROY000040323 Marengo 24 Jul 2011 J. Kevin England
3080
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
UWAL0019171 Bullock 06 Aug 1996 Kral, R.
86431
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum L.
UNA00064855 Clarke 7 Sep 2003 Brian R. Keener
2965
UNA
Heliotropium indicum L.
TROY000029130 Cherokee 02 Nov 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12804
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
UNA00039400 Autauga 22 May 1874 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Heliotropium indicum L.
TROY000003230 Coffee 13 Jul 2000 Brian H. Martin
773
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
AMAL00005971 Barbour 26 Jul 2000 A. R. Diamond
11902
AMAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
JSU114571 Randolph 16 Jul 1969 Tommy Herren
s.n.
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
USAM000003047 Greene 29 Oct 1977 Michel G. Lelong
10017
USAM
Heliotropium indicum L.
UNA00039409 Wilcox 18 Nov 1977 Robert R. Haynes
6407
UNA
Heliotropium indicum L.
JSU114555 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18848
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
48213AUA_ACC Barbour 20 NOV 1980 JACOBS, ROBERT
155
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
SAMF0004422 Blount 06 Aug 2009 Davenport, L. J.
4014
SAMF
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
UWAL0038202 Mobile 14 Sep 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8183.2
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum L.
UWFP006017 Escambia 27 Oct 1999 James R. Burkhalter
16895
UWFP
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
TROY000033921 Houston 16 Sep 2011 Whitney Senn
41
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
JSU114563 Jefferson 2 Nov 1984 J. P. Barber
1248
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
TROY000034136 Marengo 27 Jun 2011 J. Kevin England
2928
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
TROY000042197 Houston 16 Sep 2011 Whitney Senn
41
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
46280AUA_ACC Conecuh 1 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3455
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
UWAL0038730 Lawrence 01 Sep 2018 England, J. Kevin
9411
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
JSU114570 Randolph 7 Sep 1991 R. D. Whetstone
16126a
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
TROY000003231 Crenshaw 30 Sep 1999 Alvin R. Diamond
11612
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
AMAL00016419 Butler 12 Aug 2006 A. R. Diamond
16798
AMAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
55228AUA_ACC Pike 15 JUL 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9666
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
AMAL00017171 St. Clair 13 Oct 2008 Brian R. Keener
4978
AMAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
TROY000021605 St. Clair 13 Oct 2008 Brian R. Keener
4978
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
JSU114568 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18479
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
37702AUA_ACC Washington 5 OCT 1981 HENDERSON, T.
694
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
UWAL0035879 Blount 27 Oct 2014 Anderson, Kelly
0758
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum L.
TROY000034126 Bullock 23 Oct 2011 Bailee Dykes
250
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
JSU114572 Calhoun 30 Jul 1986 C. L. Lawler
874
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
TROY000031108 Elmore 21 Jul 1966 Kenneth Rogers
s.n.
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
JSU114562 Jefferson 15 Aug 1984 J. P. Barber
953
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
TROY000044160 Houston 18 Aug 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27622
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
JSU114551 Blount 13 Oct 1984 C. F. Nixon
916
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
13843AUA_ACC Macon 20 JUL 1966 DALY, JR., ROBERT
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
UWAL0019956 Morgan 15 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5585
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
JSU114560 Jackson 5 Aug 1994 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
USAM000003051 Greene 27 Oct 1978 Michel G. Lelong
10657
USAM
Heliotropium indicum L. (Turnsole)
AUA000035880 Escambia 14 Jun 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5068
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM
50975AUA_ACC Bullock 12 OCT 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6527
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
TROY000016747 Blount 24 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
1296
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
AUA000031177 Escambia 25 Jun 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4789
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
AMAL00017836 Bibb 14 Oct 1978 R. Kral
63056
AMAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
37443AUA_ACC Limestone 5 AUG 1981 HENDERSON, T.
339
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
UWAL0007912 Butler 12 Aug 2006 Diamond, A.R.
16798
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum L.
UNA00050211 Calhoun 5 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11842
UNA
Heliotropium indicum L.
13481AUA_ACC Elmore 21 JUL 1966 ROGERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
AMAL00020008 Dallas 24 Aug 2010 T. Wayne Barger
462
AMAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
67386AUA_ACC Cherokee 2 NOV 2007 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12804
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
UWAL0039279 Houston 18 Aug 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27622
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
3989AUA_ACC Macon MAY 1908 ANONYMOUS
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
TROY000003232 Crenshaw 12 Jul 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16686
TROY
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
JSU114550 Bibb 31 Jul 1998 R. D. Whetstone
19661
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
USAM000003049 Mobile 23 Nov 1968 Michel G. Lelong
5028
USAM
Heliotropium indicum L.
UWAL0007916 Sumter 02 Oct 1993 Stanton, Lee
B-026
UWAL
Heliotropium indicum L.
UNA00039411 Greene 28 Sep 1962 Joab L. Thomas
709
UNA
Heliotropium indicum L.
USAM000003045 Morgan 27 Aug 1969 Robert Kral
36474
USAM
Heliotropium indicum L.
JSU114566 Macon 12 Oct 1973 G. Pringle
093
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
35079AUA_ACC Shelby 28 JUL 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1771
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
JSU114574 Talladega 2 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13620
JSU
Heliotropium indicum Linnaeus
1724AUA_ACC Colbert 17 JUL 1965 LANDERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM L.
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