Heliotropium amplexicaule

Family:HELIOTROPACEAE
Species:Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
Common Name:Clasping Heliotrope; Wild Heliotrope
Habitat:Roadsides and waste places.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:HEAM4
Plant Notes:Clasping Heliotrope is an introduced herbaceous perennial in the Heliotrope family (Heliotropiaceae). It is native to South America. In Alabama it can be found at scattered locations statewide, but is most common in central and south Alabama. Clasping Heliotrope occurs on roadsides, in fields and pastures, and in waste places. It is a perennial with a taproot. Each root crown produces several ascending to decumbent glandular pubescent green stems. Leaves are alternate, sessile or short petiolate, often clasping, oblong to oblanceolate in outline, slightly toothed with wavy margins, and pubescent. Flowers are produced in terminal helicoid false racemes. Individual flowers are blue or purple in color with a distinctive yellowish throat, salverform or funnelform in shape, with 5 shallow lobes. The fruits are paired nutlets. Clasping Heliotrope is sometime cultivated. Once established it tolerates drought and is resistant to most pests. It is propagated from seed or sections of the root. Clasping Heliotrope is listed as an invasive species in California and in Australia. It is also poisonous to livestock, especially cattle.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyHELIOTROPACEAE - Schrader family
Genus Heliotropium
Species Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl - Clasping Heliotrope; Wild Heliotrope

Citation

Citation HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 21. 1794.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cochranea anchusifolia var. latifolia Cochranea anchusifolia (Poiret) Guerke, var. latifolia (de Candolle) Hicken, Chlor. Plat. Argent. 194. 1910, nom. inadmiss.Cochranea anchusifolia (Poiret) Guerke 1893; Heliophytum anchusifolium (Poiret) de Candolle, var. latifolium de Candolle 1845, nom. inadmiss.; Heliotropium anchusifolium Poiret 1813. 
Heliophytum anchusifolium var. angustifolium Heliophytum anchusifolium (Poiret) de Candolle, var. angustifolium de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 554. 1845.  
Heliophytum amplexicaule Heliophytum amplexicaule (Vahl) Britton & P. Wilson, Bot. Porto Rico 2: 560. 1930. Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl 1794.
Heliophytum anchusifolium Heliophytum anchusifolium (Poiret) de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 554. 1845.Heliotropium anchusifolium Poiret 1813. 
Heliophytum anchusifolium var. latifolium Heliophytum anchusifolium (Poiret) de Candolle, var. latifolium de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 554. 1845, nom. inadmiss.Heliophytum anchusifolium (Poiret) de Candolle 1845; Heliotropium anchusifolium Poiret 1813. 
Heliophytum lithospermifolium Heliophytum lithospermifolium de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 554. 1845. BRAZIL
Heliotropium anchusifolium var. angustifolium Heliotropium anchusifolium Poiret, var. angustifolium (de Candolle) Grisebach, Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 271. 1879.Heliophytum anchusifolium (Poiret) de Candolle, var. angustifolium de Candolle 1845. 
Heliotropium anchusifolium var. lithospermifolium Heliotropium anchusifolium Poiret, var. lithospermifolium (de Candolle) Grisebach, Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 19: 232. 1874.Heliophytum lithospermifolium de Candolle 1845. 
Heliotropium bolivianum Heliotropium bolivianum Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 4: 225. 1895.BOLIVIA: Cochabamba: Vicinity of Cochabamba, 1891, Bang 926 (holotype: NY; isotypes: B, BM, GH, K, US). 
Heliotropium montevidense Heliotropium montevidense Arechavaleta, Anales Mus. Nac. Montevideo, ser. 2. 1: 66. 1911. URUGUAY: Montevideo, s.d., Arechavaleta 3050 (holotype: MVM).
Heliotropium anchusifolium var. latifolium Heliotropium anchusifolium Poiret, var. latifolium (de Candolle) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 205. 1898, nom. inadmiss.Heliophytum anchusifolium (Poiret) de Candolle, var. latifolium de Candolle 1845, nom. inadmiss.; Heliotropium anchusifolium Poiret 1813. 
Heliotropium lithospermifolium Heliotropium lithospermifolium (de Candolle) Spegazzini, Contr. Fl. Sierra Vent. 44. 1896.Heliophytum lithospermifolium de Candolle 1845. 
Heliotropium semiamplexicaule Heliotropium semiamplexicaule Larranaga, Escritos 2: 73. 1923. URUGUAY
Tournefortia sessilifolia Tournefortia sessilifolia Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl. 5: 360. 1804. ARGENTINA
Cochranea anchusifolia Cochranea anchusifolia (Poiret) Guerke, in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3a): 97. 1893.Heliotropium anchusifolium Poiret 1813. 
Heliotropium anchusifolium Heliotropium anchusifolium Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 3: 23. 1813. ARGENTINA: Without data, Commerson s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: NY?).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Conecuh, Covington, Geneva, Henry, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC038309 Lee 9 MAY 1972 WILLIAMS, SUSAN
108
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
UNA00039387 Tuscaloosa 14 Apr 1955 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC010798 Lee 14 MAY 1963 CREW, JOHN L.
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
JSU114544 Calhoun 31 May 1974 T. A. Atkinson
287
JSU
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC049446 Pike 28 JUN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5109
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
TROY000034107 Wilcox 12 Jul 2009 Brian R. Keener
5502
TROY
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
TROY000046446 Lowndes 19 Jun 2018 Alvin R. Diamond
28372
TROY
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
TROY000003226 Wilcox 17 Jun 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16552
TROY
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
UWAL0043173 Baldwin 11 May 2000 Larsen, H.S.
568
UWAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl.
UNA00039380 Lee 8 Jul 1972 W. Hohnston
110
UNA
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
UWAL0011406 Bullock 17 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0737
UWAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AMAL00005530 Tuscaloosa 15 Jun 2011 Dan Spaulding
13319
AMAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
UWAL0002972 Wilcox 12 Jul 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5502
UWAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC018799 Lee 7 MAY 1970 MURCHISON, GROVER R.
140
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
AUA_ACC065915 Wilcox 17 JUN 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16552
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
UWAL0004926 Butler 10 Jun 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22237
UWAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
UNA00068665 Autauga 28 Apr 2007 Brian R. Keener
3562
UNA
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC018800 Macon 14 MAY 1976 BLANKENCHIP, B. P.
120
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
TROY000016724 Henry 24 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19609
TROY
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC014396 Lee 19 MAY 1969 HARMON, CRYSTAL
160
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
JSU114543 Calhoun 11 May 1989 D. D. Spaulding
174
JSU
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AMAL00005402 Conecuh 27 Oct 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
13083
AMAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
TROY000017612 Autauga 28 Apr 2007 Brian R. Keener
3562
TROY
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
UNA00059383 Chambers 15 Jun 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11376
UNA
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
SAMF0004418 Tuscaloosa 18 Apr 1963 Williams, Norris
53
SAMF
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
UNA00039381 Tuscaloosa 28 Apr 1965 Carolyn Armstrong
4
UNA
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC072091 Tuscaloosa 15 JUN 2011 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
13319
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
UWAL0002403 Conecuh 06 Jun 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12911
UWAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AMAL00016683 Wilcox 17 Jun 2006 A. R. Diamond
16552
AMAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC014393 Lee 20 MAY 1969 HARMON, CRYSTAL
186
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
UNA00039382 Tuscaloosa 19 May 1974 Jean Clemens
19
UNA
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC069682 Lee 23 APR 2006 CARTAYA, FRANK
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
AMAL00014125 Autauga 28 Apr 2007 Brian R. Keener
3562
AMAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
UNA00059299 Calhoun 31 Jul 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11498
UNA
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
JSU114547 Lee 14 Jun 1973 Kenneth G. Johnson
011
JSU
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
UWAL0039695 Lowndes 19 Jun 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28372
UWAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
TROY000033121 Butler 10 Jun 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22237
TROY
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC017714 Lee 25 JUN 1969 THORNHILL, RANDY
49
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
UWAL0011324 Autauga 28 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3562
UWAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC038278 Cherokee 5 MAY 1972 HALE, A. R.
136
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
AMAL00000356 Conecuh 06 Jun 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
12911
AMAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
UWAL0002356 Conecuh 27 Oct 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13083
UWAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
UNA00039385 Montgomery 16 Apr 1861 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC056238 Chilton 20 MAY 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
50248
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
UWAL0009933 Tuscaloosa 15 Jun 2011 Spaulding, Dan
13319
UWAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
UNA00039383 Tuscaloosa 30 Apr 1964 C. Ray Ratliff
8
UNA
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC013879 Lee 1 MAY 1966 SIMMONS, E. E.
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
AMAL00021468 Calhoun 01 Oct 2014 Daniel D. Spaulding
14185
AMAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC003985 Lee 12 MAY 1949 WOOD, PAUL A.
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
UNA00056091 Geneva 16 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11778
UNA
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC003984 Lee 28 APR 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
JSU114545 Calhoun 31 May 1974 T. A. Atkinson
287
JSU
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC044072 Conecuh 8 JUN 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2559
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
TROY000016843 Chambers 15 Jun 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11376
TROY
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
UWAL0019835 Morgan 22 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
79011
UWAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC011200 Tallapoosa 5 MAY 1963 ROGERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
UWAL0011323 Montgomery 08 Jun 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19408
UWAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
TROY000035269 Bullock 17 May 2012 Bailee Dykes
737
TROY
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AMAL00005970 Chambers 15 Jun 2002 D.D. Spaulding
11376
AMAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC044063 Pike 10 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2679
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
TROY000042137 Conecuh 06 Jun 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
12911
TROY
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC038279 Lee 16 MAY 1972 SCOTT, A. FLOYD
126
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
TROY000016842 Calhoun 31 Jul 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11498
TROY
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
UWAL0031140 Calhoun 01 Oct 2014 Spaulding, Dan
14185
UWAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
SAMF0004420 Tuscaloosa 18 Apr 1963 Farrell, Lenore E.
62
SAMF
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
JSU114546 Cherokee 15 Apr 1967 G. Collier
s.n.
JSU
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
TROY000016725 Montgomery 08 Jun 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19408
TROY
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
UNA00048734 Lee 16 Jun 1973 Tom W. French
34
UNA
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AMAL00005969 Calhoun 31 Jul 2002 D.D. Spaulding
11498
AMAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC052187 Covington 10 JUN 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8330
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
TROY000034957 Tuscaloosa 15 Jun 2011 Daniel D. Spaulding
13319
TROY
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC059049 Macon 26 APR 1999 SHAWN T. SMITH
9
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
AUA_ACC019639 Lee 29 APR 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
135-69
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
AMAL00016809 Baldwin 17 Jun 2009 T. Wayne Barger
620
AMAL
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
JSU114549 Tuscaloosa 12 Jun 1975 J. R. Massey
s.n.
JSU
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
SAMF0004419 Wilcox 12 Jul 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5502
SAMF
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
JSU114548 Lee 25 May 1964 Gene A. Bozarth
s.n.
JSU
Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
AUA_ACC025986 Macon 22 JUL 1971 ANDERSON, ROBERT
80
AUA
HELIOTROPIUM AMPLEXICAULE VAHL
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