Nandina domestica

Family:BERBERIDACEAE
Species:Nandina domestica Thunberg
Common Name:Heavenly Bamboo; Sacred Bamboo
Habitat:Common escape to disturbed woodlands, stream bottoms, thickets, and fence rows.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:NADO
Plant Notes:Heavenly Bamboo is an introduced invasive shrub in the Barberry family (Berberidaceae). It is an evergreen in much of Alabama, and semi-evergreen or deciduous in colder climates. A native of China and Japan, it was introduced into the United States in 1804 for use as an ornamental. Heavenly Bamboo grows from six to eight feet in height. It often forms clumps either from its rhizomes or from many seedlings becoming established at once. Heavenly Bamboo has alternate tri-pinnately compound leaves. The bases of the leaf stalks wrap around the stem. Like many members of the Barberry family it has bright yellow inner bark. Panicles of small white flowers are produced in the spring. They are followed by bright red fruit that persists on the plant throughout the winter. Heavenly Bamboo thrives under almost any conditions. The fruit are consumed by birds which spread it through their droppings. Heavenly Bamboo is considered a highly invasive species in many Southeastern states. All parts of the plant are toxic. The fruit are particularly toxic to cats, dogs, and livestock. For many years Heavenly Bamboo was considered a good food source for wintering birds. However in 2009 dozens of Cedar Waxwings (Bombycilla cedrorum) were found dead in Thomas County, Georgia. Examination of the birds revealed they died of cyanide toxicity after consuming Heavenly Bamboo fruit. If you wish to use Heavenly Bamboo in your landscape, consider one of the cultivars that does not produce fruit such as "Gulf Stream", "Nana", "Nana Purpurea" or "Atropurpurea Nana." Better yet, consider utilizing a native species instead! --A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBERBERIDACEAE - Barberry family
Genus Nandina
Species Nandina domestica Thunberg - Heavenly Bamboo; Sacred Bamboo

Citation

Citation NANDINA DOMESTICA Thunberg, Nov. Gen. Pl. 1: 15. 1781.
Basionym: **
Type: JAPAN

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Coffee, Colbert, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Franklin, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lee, Limestone, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Sumter, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000038891 Barbour 26 Jan 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24749
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000003100 Dale 05 Nov 1999 Tiffany Pennington
294
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0001694 Sumter 04 Jul 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6087
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UNAF0001638 Lauderdale 02 Sep 1989 den Boer, John H.
s.n.
UNAF
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0035942 Blount 30 Jun 2014 Anderson, Kelly
0591
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunb.
UWAL0038072 Cullman 05 Aug 2017 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14923
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunb.
TROY000003097 Crenshaw 17 Feb 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
12918
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
AUA_ACC015176 Lee 29 MAR 1969 SHELDON, JOE
19.21
AUA
NANDINA DOMESTICA THUNB.
TROY000029371 Montgomery 29 Sep 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20973
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000034085 Houston 11 Dec 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22751
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
AMAL00016006 Dale 10 Jun 2005 A.R. Diamond
15422
AMAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
JSU103263 Jackson 19 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1703
JSU
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UNA00064741 Colbert 17 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2807
UNA
Nandina domestica Thunb.
AUA_ACC031313 Jackson 16 JUN 1975 HORNER, KENT
123
AUA
NANDINA DOMESTICA THUNB.
TROY000003104 Pike 20 Apr 1991 Don Mayne
8
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000020891 Geneva 01 Jan 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20489
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0016222 Henry 13 Jan 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23658
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0008246 Butler 10 Apr 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21897
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
AMAL00013319 Colbert 17 Apr 2006 B. R. Keener
2807
AMAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0015850 Barbour 26 Jan 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24749
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000032631 Butler 10 Apr 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21897
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000016932 Colbert 17 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2807
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
JSU103259 Bibb 01 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1647
JSU
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UNA00054559 Blount 12 Oct 1998 Brian R. Keener
1790
UNA
Nandina domestica Thunb.
UWAL0043410 Baldwin 10 May 2004 Larsen, H.S.
1370
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunb.
TROY000003095 Coffee 21 Jan 2000 Brian H. Martin
412
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0016053 Houston 12 Jan 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24740
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
JSU143237 Calhoun 18 May 1971 Fay Edmondson
s.n.
JSU
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000016934 Marshall 12 Jun 1993 J. M. Ballard
2598
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0008637 Marengo 13 Mar 2011 England, J. Kevin
2664
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000003099 Dale 08 Mar 2002 Robert Kral
92118
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0002516 Geneva 01 Jan 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20489
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UNAF0001641 Marion 15 Sep 1985 Cantrell, Lanetta
s.n.
UNAF
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0013227 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 England, J. Kevin
3294
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0010119 Bullock 10 Nov 2011 Dykes, Bailee
0270
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000003102 Dale 10 Jun 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15422
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
AUA_ACC065621 Dale 10 JUN 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15422
AUA
NANDINA DOMESTICA THUNB.
UNAF0001639 Lauderdale 02 Sep 1989 Hardy, Dawn
s.n.
UNAF
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0044836 Jackson 13 Jul 2019 England, J. Kevin
10428
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
USAM000002921 Washington 25 May 1980 Susie H. Shepard
USAM
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0015382 Franklin 07 Mar 2014 England, J. Kevin
4733
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
AMAL00005919 Monroe 18 Mar 1999 R. Kral
88035
AMAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000039194 Henry 13 Jan 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23658
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
JSU103260 Bibb 12 Oct 1998 Brian R. Keener
1790
JSU
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0010711 Houston 11 Dec 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22751
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWFP005838 Escambia 30 Dec 1986 James R. Burkhalter
10526
UWFP
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000031994 Sumter 04 Jul 2010 Brian R. Keener
6087
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0002623 Morgan 13 Feb 2010 England, J. Kevin
2242
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000032488 Dallas 12 May 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22093
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
AMAL00005916 Crenshaw 17 Feb 2002 A.R. Diamond
12918
AMAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UNA00030937 Tuscaloosa 27 Jul 1952 Jack C. Yates
s.n.
UNA
Nandina domestica Thunb.
JSU103262 Etowah 03 May 1995 L. M. Hodge
4202
JSU
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000003096 Covington 07 Nov 2006 J. C. Till
14
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
AUA_ACC059582 Monroe 18 MAR 1999 KRAL, ROBERT
88035
AUA
NANDINA DOMESTICA THUNB.
TROY000003101 Dale 05 Mar 1999 Hannelore Rundell
s.n.
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000044594 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Matthew R. Parker
272
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
JSU103264 Jefferson 11 Jun 2000 D. D. Spaulding
10881
JSU
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0004904 Dallas 12 May 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22093
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0039025 Winston 24 Feb 2019 England, J. Kevin
9847
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0014650 Coosa 30 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24167
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000037924 Coosa 30 May 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24167
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0002515 Colbert 17 Apr 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2807
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0033285 Henry 10 Jan 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27136
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000038880 Houston 12 Jan 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24740
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000016933 DeKalb 19 May 2000 Daniel D. Spaulding
11300
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000003098 Crenshaw 17 May 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16406
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWFP005836 Baldwin 24 Apr 2004 James R. Burkhalter
19823
UWFP
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000034121 Bullock 10 Nov 2011 Bailee Dykes
270
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000033725 Blount 21 Oct 2011 Ryan Stephens
81
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
AUA_ACC066936 Wilcox 19 MAY 2006 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2221
AUA
NANDINA DOMESTICA THUNB.
UNA00030934 Tuscaloosa 24 May 1974 Jean Clemens
29
UNA
Nandina domestica Thunb.
AUA_ACC018822 Montgomery 5 APR 1970 MONTGOMERY, JOHN
12
AUA
NANDINA DOMESTICA THUNB.
UNAF0001640 Limestone 11 Sep 1989 Butler, Yvette
s.n.
UNAF
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000003103 Montgomery 14 May 1995 Melissa Poole
3
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
UWAL0007830 Bullock 17 Oct 2010 Dykes, Bailee
0008
UWAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
TROY000044727 Autauga 24 Jan 2017 Matthew R. Parker
325
TROY
Nandina domestica Thunberg
JSU103265 Marshall 12 Jun 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2028
JSU
Nandina domestica Thunberg
AUA_ACC065679 Crenshaw 17 MAY 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16406
AUA
NANDINA DOMESTICA THUNB.
SAMF0000875 Tallapoosa 15 Apr 2006 Brock, Jane M.
2
SAMF
Nandina domestica Thunberg
AMAL00005917 DeKalb 19 May 2002 D.D. Spaulding
11300
AMAL
Nandina domestica Thunberg
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