Echinodorus cordifolius

Family:ALISMATACEAE
Species:Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
Common Name:Creeping Burhead
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Creeping Burhead is a native herbaceous perennial in the Water-Plantain family (Alismataceae). It occurs in wet ditches, along streams and rivers, and around the margins of ponds and lakes. It usually occurs on clay soils. Creeping Burhead can be found throughout most of Alabama, but is most common along the major rivers. It is an emergent aquatic or wetland species. Plants often grow in shallow water or on exposed muddy banks. It is a perennial from a rhizome. Leaves are petiolate, ovate to elliptic in outline, with entire margins. The base of the leaf is cordate or truncate. The leaves have 3-5 major veins and lines of translucent spots. Flowers are produced in whorls on an elongated raceme. There are from 3-9 whorls of flowers, each with 3-15 flowers. The raceme is arching or prostrate. Small vegetative plantlets sometimes from along the raceme. Individual flowers are pedicellate, perfect, and have 3 green sepals and 3 white petals. The fruit is a beaked achene. Creeping Burhead is available from nurseries that specialize in aquatic plants. It can be grown totally submerged in a large aquarium, or as an emergent in the shallow ends of pools or bog gardens. Several varieties are available including “Tropical Marble” and “Marble Queen” with variegated leaves, “Ovalis” which is a dwarf form, and “Aureus” with yellow-green new growth.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyALISMATACEAE - Water-Plantain family
Genus Echinodorus
Species Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach - Creeping Burhead

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Echinodorus barthii Echinodorus barthii Muehlberg, Aquarien-Terrar. Z. 11: 368. 1986.  
Echinodorus cordifolius subsp. fluitans Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach, subsp. fluitans (Fassett) R. R. Haynes & Holm-Nielsen, Brittonia 38: 329. 1986.Echinodorus fluitans Fassett 1955 
Echinodorus fluitans Echinodorus fluitans Fassett, Rhodora 57: 155. 1955.  
Echinodorus ovalis Echinodorus ovalis C. Wright, in Sauvalle, Anales Acad. Ci. Med. Habana 7: 564. 1871.  
Alisma cordifolium Alisma cordifolium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 343. 1753.  
Echinodorus radicans Echinodorus radicans (Nuttall) Engelmann ex A. Gray, Manual 460. 1848.Sagittaria radicans Nuttall 1837. 
Sagittaria radicans Sagittaria radicans Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2. 5: 159. 1837.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Colbert, Coosa, Cullman, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Russell, Shelby, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1962 - 1998

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
SAMF0003161 Jackson 08 Sep 2015 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5943
SAMF
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0050561 Elmore 03 Sep 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15647
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
USAM000000857 Baldwin 09 Jul 1979 Dowling, Hugh M.
218
USAM
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
TROY000044123 Geneva 25 Aug 2016 Byrd, Cameron
64
TROY
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UNA00024405 Lauderdale 01 Aug 1978 Davenport, Lawrence J.
708
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
TROY000032276 Perry 13 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5293
TROY
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
TROY000049841 Escambia 07 Aug 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
29042
TROY
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
USAM000000861 Mobile 25 Oct 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11756
USAM
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
JSU109831 Limestone 29 Jun 1996 Ballard, J. Mark
5959
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0046167 Autauga 26 Jun 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1735
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UNA00024407 Jackson 07 Jul 1978 Wiersema, John H.
384
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00024401 Wilcox 04 Aug 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6863
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
AUA000026236 Barbour 25 Aug 1982 Godwin, James C.
025
AUA
Echinodorus Cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UWAL0051708 Tuscaloosa 12 Oct 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15770
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
ALNHS00004238 Cherokee 30 Jun 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2657
ALNHS
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
JSU109829 Jackson 31 Oct 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1509
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0047491 Cullman 26 Jun 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15425
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
USAM000000862 Baldwin 09 Jul 1979 Dowling, Hugh M.
218
USAM
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
TROY000030741 Mobile 29 Sep 1981 Henderson, T.
657
TROY
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UNA00024404 Monroe 20 Aug 1978 Davenport, Lawrence J.
769
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
TROY000048592 Autauga 26 Jun 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1735
TROY
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
JSU109832 Marshall 21 Jul 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5166
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
JSU109830 Jackson 31 Aug 1997 Ballard, J. Mark
7443
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0051700 Madison 06 Oct 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15744
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00024410 Marshall 07 Jul 1978 Wiersema, John H.
387
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00024399 Greene 04 Aug 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
8080
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
USAM000000856 Greene 07 Jun 1979 LeLong, Michel G.
10859
USAM
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
AUA000026240 Greene 5 Aug 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2355
AUA
Echinodorus Cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00024413 Greene 18 Jun 1962 Harper, Roland M.
4520
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
ALNHS00004097 Washington 14 Jun 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2414
ALNHS
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UWAL0051679 Coosa 08 Jul 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15445
UWAL
Echinodorus cardifolius (L.) Griseb.
ALNHS00001708 Dallas 22 Jul 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-406
ALNHS
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNAF0001828 Marshall 24 Sep 2008 Webb, David H.
6844
UNAF
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
JSU109839 Shelby 20 Jul 1993 Whetstone, R. David
3044
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0035607 Mobile 03 Jul 2014 Horne, Howard E.
2618
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
JSU109828 Jackson 05 Aug 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5736
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UNA00028670 Tuscaloosa 09 Sep 1986 Haynes, Robert R.
8769
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb. subsp. cordifolius
USAM000000860 Greene 24 Jun 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11205
USAM
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
USAM000000859 Greene 19 Oct 1979 LeLong, Michel G.
10980
USAM
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0047315 Autauga 24 Aug 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1132
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UNA00024402 Dallas 05 Aug 1978 Wiersema, John H.
417
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00024400 Jackson 02 Aug 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6835
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
AUA000026237 Barbour 25 Aug 1982 Godwin, James C.
006
AUA
Echinodorus Cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UWAL0051753 Colbert 25 Aug 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15643
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00054033 Blount 26 Jul 1997 Keener, Brian R.
275
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
AMAL00007180 Greene 18 Aug 2013 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13849
AMAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
USAM000000858 Baldwin 09 Jul 1979 Dowling, Hugh M.
218
USAM
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0009581 Marengo 27 Jun 2011 England, J. Kevin
2947
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UNA00024396 Henry 11 Jul 1978 Davenport, Lawrence J.
512
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
TROY000009858 Barbour 10 Jul 2002 Gil, Glenda
2001-295
TROY
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UNA00024416 Wilcox 29 Oct 1981 Haynes, Robert R.
8496
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
AMAL00009834 Limestone 28 Jun 1996 Whetstone, R. David
18174
AMAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Grisebach
JSU109834 Marshall 09 Aug 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2617
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0051775 Lawrence 19 Aug 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15589
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
TROY000049841 Escambia 07 Aug 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
29042
TROY
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UNA00024411 Montgomery 05 Aug 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6877
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
JSU109825 Calhoun 30 Jul 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
870
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0005432 Montgomery 03 Sep 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5452
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00069695 Lauderdale 09 Oct 2008 Webb, David
6873
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb. subsp. cordifolius
SAMF0006670 Hale 17 Jun 2016 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6373
SAMF
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0016581 Greene 18 Aug 2013 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13849
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
TROY000047743 Autauga 24 Aug 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1132
TROY
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
JSU109827 Etowah 04 Sep 1995 Hodge-Spaulding, Lesley M.
4329
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0030502 Morgan 20 Sep 2015 England, J. Kevin
5769
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UNA00053592 Greene 05 Aug 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2355
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
JSU109837 Marshall 03 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3342
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
AUA000026238 Barbour 29 Jul 1971 Folsom, James P.
108
AUA
Echinodorus Cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNAF0000165 Marshall 22 Jun 1962 Sesler, Teresa
s.n.
UNAF
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0049997 Escambia 07 Aug 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
29042
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UNAF0000163 Baldwin 18 Jun 1977 Bentley, Gerald
s.n.
UNAF
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0039574 Geneva 25 Aug 2016 Byrd, Cameron
65
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00024397 Lowndes 18 Aug 1978 Wiersema, John H.
447
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00060379 Montgomery 31 Jul 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13493
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
ALNHS00004097 Washington 14 Jun 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2414
ALNHS
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
AUA000026239 Barbour 10 Jul 2002 Gil, Glenda
(2001-295)
AUA
Echinodorus Cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UWAL0031294 Hale 23 May 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8887
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UWAL0003438 Perry 13 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5293
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UWAL0003437 Marengo 10 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1403
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00045761 Barbour 10 Jun 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11440
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
JSU109840 Talladega 09 Sep 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
4937
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0043684 Baldwin 30 Oct 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
782
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UNA00023945 Madison 11 Jun 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
1018
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
JSU109836 Marshall 03 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3342
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
AUA000030326 Morgan 20 Sep 2015 England, J. Kevin
5769
AUA
Echinodorus Cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNAF0000164 Baldwin 18 Jun 1977 Hogan, Nancy
s.n.
UNAF
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0043038 Baldwin 21 Sep 2005 Carter, K.
1456
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UWAL0018417 Houston 15 Jul 1992 Kral, Robert
81136
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00024408 Montgomery 17 Aug 1978 Wiersema, John H.
438
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UWAL0003462 Clarke 11 Jul 1984 Glasgow, Benny
s.n.
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00024414 Autauga _ Aug 1874 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
AUA000026235 Baldwin 28 Jun 1977 Botts, Daniel A.
021
AUA
Echinodorus Cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UWAL0052340 Lauderdale 08 Aug 2017 Keener, Brian R.
10350
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00069682 Marshall 24 Sep 2008 Webb, David
6844
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb. subsp. cordifolius
AUA000026242 Mobile 29 Sep 1981 Henderson, T.
655
AUA
Echinodorus Cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
USAM000000863 Baldwin 09 Jul 1979 Dowling, Hugh M.
218
USAM
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
AMAL00000008 Greene 05 Aug 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2355
AMAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linneaus) Grisebach
UNA00024394 Washington 06 Aug 1979 Davenport, Lawrence J.
1438
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
TROY000045503 Russell 17 Sep 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27929
TROY
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0051685 Walker 21 Jul 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15497
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
AMAL00000007 Madison 08 Aug 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9871
AMAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linneaus) Grisebach
JSU109833 Marshall 21 Jul 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5166
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
JSU109835 Marshall 02 Aug 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2525
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0051716 Cherokee 14 Oct 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15782
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00024406 Lowndes 05 Aug 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6870
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
JSU109838 Marshall 03 Aug 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
468
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
AUA000026244 Morgan 4 Jul 1969 Thornhill, Randy
073
AUA
Echinodorus Cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00026607 Tuscaloosa 17 Oct 1992 Haynes, Chris G.
1
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
SAMF0006587 Hale 17 Jun 2016 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6345
SAMF
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
ALNHS00004238 Cherokee 30 Jun 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2657
ALNHS
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
AUA000043915 Madison 13 Sep 2019 Hansen, Curtis J.
7733
AUA
Echinodorus Cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00024403 Lowndes 04 Sep 1977 Haynes, Robert R.
6382
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
USAM000000864 Lowndes 05 Aug 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6870
USAM
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0003439 Sumter 17 Jun 2000 Holland, Richard
AP00-32
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00024398 Morgan 23 Jul 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
1056
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
JSU109826 Calhoun 17 Aug 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
1013
JSU
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
AUA000026241 Lee 7 Jul 1968 Bayne, D.R.
AUA
Echinodorus Cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UWAL0039594 Russell 17 Sep 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27929
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
AMAL00009316 Tuscaloosa 14 Aug 1994 Mann, Carroll J.
147
AMAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Grisebach
UNA00024409 Choctaw 26 Jul 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6771
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
AMAL00000009 Montgomery 31 Jul 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13493
AMAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00024395 Escambia 07 Aug 1979 Haynes, Robert R.
7545
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
TROY000009859 Montgomery 31 Jul 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13493
TROY
Echinodorus cordifolius (Linnaeus) Grisebach
UWAL0047470 Greene 09 Sep 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10862
UWAL
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
UNA00070181 Lauderdale 20 Oct 2010 Webb, David
7530
UNA
Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb. subsp. cordifolius
AUA000026243 Montgomery 3 Sep 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5452
AUA
Echinodorus Cordifolius (L.) Griseb.
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