Rubus cuneifolius

Family:ROSACEAE
Species:Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
Common Name:Sand Blackberry
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:rucu
Plant Notes:Sand Blackberry is a native perennial woody shrub in the Rose family (Rosaceae). It can be found throughout most of Alabama but is most common in south and east portions of the state. Sand Blackberry grows in old fields, along fence rows, in pine woodlands, in scrub oak woods, and along roadsides. It is a perennial with a tap root. Plants form dense stands from suckers produced along wide spreading roots. The stems are green in color, becoming reddish-brown with age. The stems are erect, 1-3 feet in height, pubescent when young, and heavily armed with hooked prickles. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, 3-5 foliate, and evergreen or semi-evergreen. The leaves on floricanes (second year stems that produce flowers) are usually 3-foliate while those of the primocanes (first year stems that are sterile) are 5-foliate. The petioles are often armed with recurved prickles. The leaflets are ovate to lance-elliptic in outline, serrate or doubly serrate, and densely white or gray pubescent beneath. The main veins on the underside of the leaflet are often armed with recurved prickles. Flowers are in 3-10 flowered racemes. The peduncles of the flowers are often armed with recurved prickles and are pubescent. Each flower has 5 pubescent sepals and 5 white petals. The fruit is an aggregate of drupelets. The fruit are edible and consumed by a wide variety of wildlife. Fruit can be eaten fresh or made into jellies, jams, or pies. Dense thickets of Sand Blackberry provide valuable cover and nesting sites for many small animals.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyROSACEAE - Rose family
Genus Rubus
Species Rubus cuneifolius Pursh - Sand Blackberry

Citation

Citation RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 347. 1814.
Basionym: **
Type: NEW JERSEY: Cumberland Co.: Briegeton, just E of Bridgeton Junction along Central New Jersey Railroad, 22 Jul 2003, Moore & Macklin 5396 (neotype: PH; isoneotypes: BKL, GH, NY, UNC, US). Neotypified by G. Moore et al., Harvard Pap. Bot. 11: 142. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Rubus argutinus Rubus argutinus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 457, f. 207. 1943. GEORGIA: Clark Co.: Near Athens, s.d., Miller 204 (holotype: BH?).
Rubus audax Rubus audax L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 2: 367. 1932. FLORIDA: Hillsborough Co./Manatee Co.:
Rubus chapmanii Rubus chapmanii L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 431, f. 195. 1943. FLORIDA: Franklin Co.: Apalachicola, s.d., Bailey 736 (holotype: BH).
Rubus cuneifolius var. angustior Rubus cuneifolius Pursh, var. angustior L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 1: 263. 1925. FLORIDA: Marion Co.: Near Ocala,
Rubus cuneifolius var. austrifer Rubus cuneifolius Pursh, var. austrifer L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 432, f. 194(c-d). 1943. NORTH CAROLINA: Johnson Co.: Smithfield, s.d., Bailey 58 (holotype: BH?).
Rubus cuneifolius var. spiniceps Rubus cuneifolius Pursh, var. spiniceps L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 431, f. 193. 1943. CONNECTICUT: New Haven Co.: North Guilford, s.d., Bailey 114 (holotype: BH?).
Rubus dixiensis Rubus dixiensis H. A. Davis et al., Castanea 35: 181. 1970. ALABAMA: Geneva Co.: Along ALA 52 at edge of Geneva State Forest, s.d., Davis & Davis 13510 (holotype: WVA; isotype: MIL).
Rubus escatilis Rubus escatilis L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 454, f. 206. 1943. ALABAMA: Jefferson Co.: Irondale, s.d., Bailey 99 (holotype: BH?).
Rubus georgiensis Rubus georgiensis L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 437, f. 199. 1943. GEORGIA: Chatham Co.: Near Savannah, s.d., Bailey 6973 (holotype: BH?).
Rubus humei Rubus humei L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 457, f. 208. 1943. FLORIDA: Nassau Co.: E of Yulee, s.d., Hume 391 (holotype: BH?).
Rubus inferior Rubus inferior L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 1: 263. 1925. FLORIDA: Marion Co.: Near Ocala, s.d., Bailey s.n. (holotype: BH).
Rubus probabilis Rubus probabilis L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 1: 180. 1923. ALABAMA: Jefferson Co.: Gate City, Birmingham,
Rubus probativus Rubus probativus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 450, f. 204. 1943. ALABAMA: Jefferson Co.: Gate City, Birmingham, s.d., Bailey 100 (holotype: BH?).
Rubus randolphiorum Rubus randolphiorum L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 447, f. 203. 1943. NORTH CAROLINA: Washington Co.: W of Plymouth, s.d., Randolph & Randolph 646 (holotype: BH).
Rubus cuneifolius var. subellipticus Rubus cuneifolius Pursh, var. subellipticus Fernald, Rhodora 43: 570. 1941. VIRGINIA: Southampton Co.: NY of Sebrell, s.d., Fernald & Long 10675 (holotype: GH).
Rubus longii    
Rubus sejunctus Rubus sejunctus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 452, f. 205. 1943. VIRGINIA: Southampton Co.: SE of Branchville, s.d., Fernald & Long 10284 (holotype: GH).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Clay, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Etowah, Henry, Houston, Jefferson, Lee, Macon, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1881 - 1944

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU131545 Jefferson 13 Jul 1984 J. P. Barber
785
JSU
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
UWAL0016286 Montgomery 25 Apr 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25017
UWAL
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
UWAL0034582 Coffee 05 Jun 1995 Kral, R.
84873
UWAL
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000024067 Macon 11 APR 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
017
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
AUA000024064 Lee 21 MAY 1969 GOULD, JR., A. B.
152
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
TROY000042619 Houston 18 Jun 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26493
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000024069 Macon 15 APR 1967 DENT, D. M.
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
TROY000008548 Russell 24 Apr 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16287
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000024074 Russell 24 APR 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16287
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
TROY000008545 Pike 04 Apr 1997 Jeanese Holmes
275
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
TROY000008539 Covington 30 Apr 1995 Brian J Bass
2
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
JSU131541 Colbert 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17958
JSU
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
UWAL0031757 Coffee 05 May 1987 Kral, R.
73951
UWAL
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
USAM000013854 Covington 27 Apr 1969 Robert Kral
3454-
USAM
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000025155 Covington 20 JUN 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3320
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
UWAL0038875 Covington 18 May 2010 Hansen C. J.
4697
UWAL
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000024059 Conecuh 11 JUN 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
796
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
TROY000023224 Crenshaw 21 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19288
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000024061 Crenshaw 4 JUN 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9210
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
TROY000008544 Pike 12 Nov 1999 Michelle Tuson
1
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
JSU131546 St. Clair 10 May 1984 Donna Beavers
s.n.
JSU
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000024070 Pike 1999 MARTIN, BRIAN
1
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
UWAL0003870 Covington 31 May 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19357
UWAL
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh.
AUA000024065 Lee 14 MAY 1972 PARKER, G. W.
128
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
TROY000008537 Coffee 23 Jan 2001 Brian H. Martin
1027
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
TROY000023222 Barbour 04 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19178
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
TROY000023227 Henry 01 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19131
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000024062 Dale 23 JUN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7478
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
TROY000008541 Escambia 20 May 1995 Cynthia L. Brittain
186
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000031225 Covington 18 May 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4697
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
JSU131542 Etowah 31 Jul 1994 L. M. Hodge
2943
JSU
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
TROY000008538 Coffee 15 May 1999 Brandi Mathews
99/03
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
UWAL0037999 Mobile 25 May 1970 LeLong, Michel G.
5397
UWAL
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
TROY000023226 Crenshaw 26 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19341
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
JSU139249 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9298
JSU
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
USAM000013855 Baldwin 27 Apr 1974 Michael G. LeLong
7708
USAM
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
TROY000008546 Pike 12 May 1997 Crystal D. Whitley
6
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
TROY000008542 Escambia 17 Jun 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14440
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
JSU131543 Etowah 24 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3892
JSU
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
UWAL0014179 Bullock 18 Apr 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1572
UWAL
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000024835 Escambia 8 JUL 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4085
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
AUA000024058 Bullock 12 JUN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5011
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
TROY000023223 Butler 26 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19048
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000024071 Pike 6 JUN 1999 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11582
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
USAM000013858 Mobile 27 Apr 1971 Michael G. LeLong
5691
USAM
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
TROY000038642 Bullock 18 Apr 2013 Bailee Dykes
1572
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
USAM000013856 Mobile 25 May 1970 Michael G. LeLong
5397
USAM
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
TROY000008543 Pike 06 Jun 1999 Alvin R. Diamond
11582
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
TROY000008547 Pike 05 May 1999 Brian H. Martin
1
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
UWAL0037325 Bullock 18 Jun 2016 Soehren, Eric C.
0338
UWAL
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
UNA00015850 Tuscaloosa 11 May 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000024056 Barbour 17 JUL 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5227
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
USAM000013857 Baldwin 11 Apr 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8303
USAM
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
USAM000013859 Mobile 28 Mar 1973 Michael G. LeLong
6916
USAM
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
JSU131540 Clay 15 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5308
JSU
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000024057 Barbour 14 APR 1979 MERRILL, L. E.
021
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
UWAL0019783 Houston 18 Jun 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26493
UWAL
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000024066 Lee 10 APR 1963 ROGERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
TROY000023225 Covington 31 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19357
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
TROY000039411 Montgomery 25 Apr 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25017
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000024068 Macon 15 MAY 1970 BLANKENCHIP, B. P.
13
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
AUA000024060 Crenshaw 23 JUN 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10358
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
JSU131544 Houston 26 Nov 1993 John R. MacDonald
6926
JSU
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
USAM000013844 Washington 20 Apr 1980 Susie Hentschel Shepard
s.n.
USAM
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000024063 Lee 28 AUG 1934 LAMBERT, MARIE
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
UNA00015851 Tuscaloosa 22 Apr 1944 Roland M. Harper
3965
UNA
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
TROY000008536 Coffee 21 Apr 2000 Brian H. Martin
611
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
UNA00015849 Tuscaloosa 12 Oct 1881 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
TROY000008540 Dale 27 Mar 2000 Tiffany Pennington
503
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
AUA000024072 Pike 17 JUN 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9241
AUA
RUBUS CUNEIFOLIUS PURSH
UWAL0016505 Walker 26 May 2012 Spaulding, Dan
13427
UWAL
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
TROY000045767 Autauga 11 Apr 2017 Matthew R. Parker
608
TROY
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
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