Neviusia alabamensis

Family:ROSACEAE
Species:Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
Common Name:Alabama Snow Wreath
Habitat:Limestone cliffs and surrounding calcareous woods.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Alabama Snow Wreath is a deciduous shrub in the Rose family (Rosaceae). It is found in the northern third of Alabama. Alabama Snow Wreath occurs in rocky woods, on the banks of streams and rivers, and around natural openings in limestone woodlands. It is a woody shrub with arching stems to 8 feet in length. The bark is reddish brown in color in sheds in strips. The leaves are alternate, deciduous, elliptical to ovate in outline, and doubly serrate. The teeth are tipped with a red gland. The leaves, especially on the lower surface are pubescent. Flowers are produced in racemes or cymes. The flowers are apetalous (without petals). The flowers have five greenish white leaf-like sepals and numerous white stamens. The inconspicuous fruit is a drupe-like achene. Alabama Snow Wreath was discovered on the banks of the Black Warrior River near Tuscaloosa in 1858 by Reverend Ruben Denton Nevius. The genus was named in his honor. In addition to Alabama, Alabama Snow Wreath has been found in Georgia, Mississippi, Arkansas and southern Missouri. In Alabama it is listed as an S2 plant (typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state) and globally as a G2 plant (imperiled globally because of rarity (6 - 20 occurrences, or few remaining acres, or miles of stream) or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors). Despite being rare in nature, Alabama Snow Wreath is easy to grow in cultivation and is available from many nurseries. It prefers well-drained soils in full to partial sun. Plants sucker abundantly and these should be removed to prevent spread into un-wanted areas. Old stems should be removed after flowering to promote new growth. Alabama Snow Wreath can be propagated by cuttings, and by division of suckers. “The thicket when in full flower looks like a snow-wreath under the cliff.” Rev. R. D. Nevius, 1877.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:Historically thought to be a monotypic genus but in 1992 a second species of Neviusia was discovered in Northern California. That species, Neviusia cliftonia is extremely rare and occasionally produces petals.
Status:Native, S2 (State Rank), G2 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyROSACEAE - Rose family
Genus Neviusia
Species Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray - Alabama Snow Wreath

Citation

Citation Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n.s. 6(2): 374–376, pl. 30. 1858.
Basionym: **
Type: ALABAMA: Tuscaloosa Co.: Tuscaloosa. R.D. Nevius s.n. (holotype: GH; isotype , GH.).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Colbert, Jackson, Jefferson, Limestone, Madison, Marshall, Morgan, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1875 - 1989

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000028685 Madison 27 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6967
AUA
Neviusia Alabamensis Gray
AUA000041215 Marshall 21 Apr 2015 Schotz, Alfred
2186
AUA
Neviusia Alabamensis Gray
UWAL0049505 Jackson 09 Jun 2020 Webb, David H.
8975
UWAL
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
TROY000036596 Madison 27 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6967
TROY
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
UNA00015321 Tuscaloosa 29 Mar 1968 Thomas, Joab L.
1622
UNA
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UWAL0053010 Jefferson 07 Apr 2007 Sharon, Brian
22
UWAL
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
ALNHS00004075 Madison 24 May 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2327
ALNHS
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
AUA000025978 Jackson 12 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4213
AUA
Neviusia Alabamensis Gray
TROY000022837 Jackson 12 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4213
TROY
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UWAL0047101 Colbert 16 Apr 2004 Webb, David H.
S.N.
UWAL
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
UNA00015316 Tuscaloosa 29 Mar 1968 Thomas, Joab L.
1622
UNA
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
JSU143920 Jackson 01 May 1972 Whetstone, R. David
RDW1264
JSU
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
JSU130733 Jackson 30 Apr 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13020
JSU
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
JSU130732 Jackson 8 May 1996 Schotz, Alfred
1375
JSU
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
ALNHS00006421 Madison 01 May 2019 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#4528
ALNHS
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UWAL0050971 Jackson 30 Apr 1983 Whetstone, R.D.
13020
UWAL
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
UWAL0017938 Jackson 28 Apr 1972 Kral, Robert
45805
UWAL
Neviusia alabamensis
JSU130739 Jackson 1 May 1972 Landers, Kenneth E.
RDW-1264
JSU
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UNA00034450 Madison 11 May 1989 Burckhalter, Robert
1627
UNA
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
AUA000023251 Tuscaloosa 15 Mar 1904 Little
S.N.
AUA
Neviusia Alabamensis Gray
UNA00015360 Tuscaloosa 15 Apr 1899 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UNA00057730 Bibb 02 Jul 1994 Allison, James R.
8481
UNA
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UWAL0033923 Tuscaloosa 02 Apr 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9472
UWAL
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
JSU140335 Tuscaloosa 14 Apr 1978 Pendergrass
12
JSU
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UWAL0017814 Tuscaloosa 07 Mar 1975 Kral, Robert
54750
UWAL
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
JSU130737 Jackson 1 May 1972 Landers, Kenneth E.
RDW-1264
JSU
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UWAL0003878 Jackson 12 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4213
UWAL
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UNA00015358 Tuscaloosa 01 Apr 1875 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UWAL0049521 Jackson 09 Jun 2020 Webb, David H.
8974
UWAL
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
ALNHS00001131 Jackson 27 Mar 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#430
ALNHS
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
SAMF0002011 Madison 27 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6967
SAMF
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
SAMF0007747 Jefferson 07 Apr 2007 Stewart, Erin
14
SAMF
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
UNA00015315 Tuscaloosa 25 Apr 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2100
UNA
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
JSU130744 Madison 22 Sep 1995 Threlkeld, Steven J.
085
JSU
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
ALNHS00006420 Madison 19 Mar 2019 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#4271
ALNHS
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UNA00074577 Tuscaloosa _ Feb 1858 Nevius, Rev. R.D.
s.n.
UNA
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
JSU130736 Jackson 30 Apr 1983 De Fiori, Cecilia M.
001
JSU
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
JSU130745 Madison 15 May 1984 Whetstone, R. David
13926
JSU
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
SAMF0002012 Jackson 12 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4213
SAMF
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
JSU130743 Madison 16 Apr 1996 Hruska, Susan E.
1013
JSU
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UWAL0047095 Marshall 21 Apr 2015 Schotz, Alfred
2186
UWAL
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
JSU130740 Jackson 1 May 1972 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UNA00060729 Jackson 18 Apr 2000 Schotz, Alfred
1769
UNA
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UNA00053468 Tuscaloosa 08 Apr 1968 Thomas, Joab L.
1627
UNA
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UNA00015320 Tuscaloosa 13 Feb 1957 Deason, Temd R.
s.n.
UNA
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
JSU130734 Jackson 24 Oct 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
751
JSU
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UNA00068800 Jackson 12 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4213
UNA
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
JSU140334 Tuscaloosa 14 Apr 1978 Pendergrass
12
JSU
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UWAL0046827 Jackson 18 Apr 2000 Webb, David H.
S.N.
UWAL
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
JSU130738 Jackson 1 May 1972 Landers, Kenneth E.
RDW-1264
JSU
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UWAL0050970 Tuscaloosa 08 Apr 1969 Rigdon, David T.
18
UWAL
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
TROY000023007 Morgan 06 Jun 2001 Threlkeld, Steven J.
1433
TROY
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UNA00015359 Tuscaloosa 15 Apr 1899 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UWAL0009748 Madison 27 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6967
UWAL
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UWAL0049687 Jackson 05 Jun 1984 Webb, David H.
4998
UWAL
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
UNA00067985 Limestone 05 May 1983 Webb, David
4781
UNA
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
AUA000023247 Jackson 30 Apr 1983 Whetstone, R.David
13,020
AUA
Neviusia Alabamensis Gray
JSU130735 Jackson 1 May 1972 Landers, Kenneth E.
RDW-1264
JSU
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
ALNHS00004075 Madison 24 May 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2327
ALNHS
Neviusia alabamensis Gray
UWAL0017936 Madison 04 May 1971 Kral, Robert
42469
UWAL
Neviusia alabamensis A. Gray
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