Ranunculus fascicularis

Family:RANUNCULACEAE
Species:Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
Common Name:Thick Root Buttercup; Early Buttercup
Habitat:Open dry to semi-dry sites with calcareous soils.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:RAFA
Plant Notes:Thick Root Buttercup is a native herbaceous perennial in the Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). It is found primarily in the central and northern portions of the state. Thick Root Buttercup grows in prairies, in pastures, in lawns, and in deciduous forests. It is a perennial with thickened, tuberous roots. Stems are decumbent to ascending, pubescent, green in color, and never rooting at the nodes. Leaves are basal and cauline. The basal leaves are petiolate and 3-5 foliate. The leaf segments are entire or once lobed or parted into oblanceolate or obovate segments with rounded apices. The cauline leaves are similar but smaller than the basal leaves. The cauline leaves are sessile or short-petiolate and undivided or they with 2-3 narrow lobes. Flowers are solitary on long pubescent peduncles. Each flower has 5 sepals, 5-10 shiny yellow petals, numerous stamens, and numerous carpels. The fruit is a head of achenes. The achenes are beaked. Thick Root Buttercup is very similar to Bristly Buttercup (Ranunculus hispidus Michaux). Bristly Buttercup lacks the thickened, tuberous roots of Thick Root Buttercup.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU (NWI), G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRANUNCULACEAE - Buttercup/Crowfoot family
Genus Ranunculus
Species Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow - Thick Root Buttercup; Early Buttercup

Citation

Citation Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex J. M. Bigelow, Fl. Boston. 137. 1814.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ranunculus fascicularis var. apricus    
Ranunculus fascicularis var. typicus    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bullock, Butler, Dallas, Etowah, Franklin, Greene, Jackson, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Shelby, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000022495 Tuscaloosa 15 Mar 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12398
TROY
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
JSU128719 Etowah 6 Apr 1956 Maxine Blessing
s.n.
JSU
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
UNA00048648 Dallas 11 Apr 1969 Joab L. Thomas
1951
UNA
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow var. typicus L. Benson
UWAL0037007 Shelby 25 Mar 2017 England, J. Kevin
7217
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
UWAL0031213 Pickens 26 Mar 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8687
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
UNA00066974 Perry 3 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3323
UNA
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
UWAL0015254 Pickens 26 Mar 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8289
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
UWAL0003624 Sumter 03 Apr 1941 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
UNA00030543 Sumter 5 Mar 1949 Roland M. Harper
4102
UNA
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
UWAL0015036 Bullock 22 Mar 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0396
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
AUA_ACC005106 Madison APR 1965 JOYNER, H. W.
S.N.
AUA
RANUNCULUS FASCICULARIS MUHL. EX BIGELOW
UNA00030538 Dallas 11 Apr 1969 Joab L. Thomas
1935
UNA
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow var. typicus L. Benson
UWAL0003625 Sumter Apr 1935 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
TROY000022494 Sumter 07 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2772
TROY
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
TROY000046056 Montgomery 18 Mar 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21197
TROY
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. Ex Bigelow
UWAL0013184 Marengo 08 Mar 2012 England, J. Kevin
3245
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
UWAL0003628 Tuscaloosa 15 Mar 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12398
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
AUA_ACC067321 Tuscaloosa 15 MAY 2006 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12398
AUA
RANUNCULUS FASCICULARIS MUHL. EX BIGELOW
UNA00066635 Butler 4 Mar 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17300
UNA
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
UWAL0003623 Sumter 07 Apr 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2772
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
TROY000008149 Butler 04 Mar 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17300
TROY
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
AUA_ACC066010 Sumter 7 APR 2006 KEENER, BRIAN R.
2772
AUA
RANUNCULUS FASCICULARIS MUHL. EX BIGELOW
TROY000008150 Dallas 20 Mar 1976 Robert Kral
57422
TROY
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
UWAL0003627 Sumter 03 Apr 1941 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
TROY000022637 Perry 03 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3323
TROY
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
UWAL0003621 Marengo 06 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1580
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
UWAL0003620 Butler 04 Mar 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17300
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
UNA00064739 Sumter 7 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2772
UNA
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
UWAL0031347 Franklin 03 Apr 2014 England, J. Kevin
4761
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
UWAL0003626 Sumter 03 Apr 1941 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
TROY000037078 Bullock 31 Jan 2013 Bailee Dykes
1485
TROY
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
UNA00030548 Greene 22 Mar 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
TROY000022649 Marengo 06 Feb 2009 J. Kevin England
1580
TROY
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
UNA00030550 Jackson s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
TROY000038039 Bullock 22 Mar 2012 Bailee Dykes
396
TROY
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
UNA00022110 Morgan 28 Mar 1973 R. Kral
49420
UNA
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
UWAL0014854 Bullock 31 Jan 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1485
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
UWAL0003622 Perry 03 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3323
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
UWAL0039213 Lowndes 14 Feb 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28753
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
JSU128720 Morgan 14 Apr 1978 R. Kral
61473
JSU
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
UWAL0032876 Washington 06 Mar 2010 England, J. Kevin
2257
UWAL
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhlenberg ex Bigelow
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