Sesbania punicea

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
Common Name:Scarlet Wisteria Tree; Purple Sesban; Purple River Hemp
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SEPU7
Plant Notes:Purple Sesban is a non-native shrubby legume found in the lower half of Alabama. It was widely planted as an ornamental and has now escaped in many areas, especially along waterways. Purple Sesban is native to South America, but is now found in warmer regions around the world. Several states adjacent to Alabama list it as an invasive species due to its habit of forming thickets along water bodies. Purple Sesban is a deciduous shrub that grows to a height of around eight feet. It usually has a single trunk, but if the plant has been damaged there may be several sprouts from the base. The leaves are alternate and pinnately compound. Bright orange pea-like flowers are produced in racemes from the axils of the leaves. The flowers are followed by large woody four winged fruit. Each fruit contains from six to twelve seed. The fruit often do not split completely, trapping some of the seed inside. These fruit remain on the plant during the winter and the loose seed rattle when the wind blows giving the plant another of its common names--Rattlebox. Purple Sesban is a fast growing, but short lived species. It is sometimes available in the nursery trade, especially from establishments that sell “tropical” plants. It is also easily grown from seed. All parts of the plant are poisonous if consumed.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FAC+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Sesbania
Species Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham - Scarlet Wisteria Tree; Purple Sesban; Purple River Hemp

Citation

Citation SESBANIA PUNICEA (Cavanilles) Bentham, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 15(1): 43. 1859.
Basionym: Piscidia punicea Cavanilles 1797.
Type: Cult. at Madrid, Aug 1796, Cavanilles s.n. (holotype: MA?).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Aeschynomene miniata Aeschynomene miniata Ortega, Nov. Pl. Descr. Dec. 28. 1797.  
Daubentonia tripetii Daubentonia tripetii Poiteau, Ann. Soc. Hort. Paris 27: 136. 1840. ARGENTINA
Daubentonia punicea Daubentonia punicea (Cavanilles) de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 267. 1825.Piscidia punicea Cavanilles 1797. 
Emerus puniceus Emerus puniceus (Cavanilles) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 181. 1891.Piscidia punicea Cavanilles 1797. 
Ormocarpum elegans Ormocarpum elegans G. Don, Gen. Hist. 2: 279. 1832. MEXICO
Piscidia punicea Piscidia punicea Cavanilles, Icon. 4: 8, t. 316. 1797. Cult. at Madrid, Aug 1796, Cavanilless.n. (holotype: MA?).
Sesbania tripetii Sesbania tripetii (Poiteau) F. T. Hubbard, in L. H. Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 6: 3157. 1917.Daubentonia tripetii Poiteau 1840. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Lee, Macon, Mobile, Montgomery, Perry, Pike, Russell, Sumter, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00026952 Mobile 20 Jun 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
AUA000013315 Russell 3 SEP 1981 DLAMINI, GIDEON M.
AU11
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
TROY000005560 Dale 12 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13167
TROY
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
UNA00026954 Mobile 28 Apr 1956 E. G. Patton
s.n.
UNA
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
UNA00026949 Wilcox 5 Aug 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6868
UNA
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
AUA000028677 Sumter 22 AUG 2010 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6145
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
AUA000013298 Dale 9 JUN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7435
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
TROY000005557 Coffee 25 Apr 2000 Brian H. Martin
619
TROY
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
SAMF0001820 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3947
SAMF
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
TROY000005561 Escambia 16 Jul 2001 Darryl Searcy
s.n.
TROY
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
SAMF0001823 Baldwin 09 May 2008 Davenport, L. J.
3823
SAMF
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
AUA000013318 Russell 6 AUG 1981 DLAMINI, GIDEON M.
AU5
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
TROY000032399 Butler 05 May 2011 Wayne K. Webb
s.n.
TROY
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
USAM000006311 Mobile 12 May 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3167.3
USAM
Daubentonia punicea (Cavanilles) de Candolle
UNA00026958 Baldwin 24 May 1980 L. J. Davenport
1906
UNA
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
UNA00018067 Baldwin 7 Nov 1987 Robert R. Haynes
9259
UNA
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
TROY000005558 Conecuh 29 Jul 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11944
TROY
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
UWAL0011030 Henry 25 Jul 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23191
UWAL
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
UWAL0007047 Russell 6 Aug 1980 Dlamini, Gideon M.
AU-4
UWAL
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
AUA000013304 Lee 21 MAY 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
USAM000006317 Mobile 01 Dec 1973 Larry Bates
12
USAM
Daubentonia punicea (Cavanilles) de Candolle
AUA000013292 Barbour 26 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2703
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
TROY000019830 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Brian R. Keener
3947
TROY
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
AUA000013309 Macon 17 JUL 1980 DLAMINI, GIDEON M.
AU1
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
AUA000013294 Barbour 1 MAY 2002 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-146)
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
UNA00026963 Mobile 3 Aug 1964 Rebecca Deramus
D231
UNA
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
UWAL0043724 Baldwin 04 Aug 2000 Larsen, H.S.
445
UWAL
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
AUA000038061 Covington 04 May 2012 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5511
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
AUA000013290 Baldwin 12 MAY 1973 LYNN, DAVID
147
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
JSU137224 Baldwin 15 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12853
JSU
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
JSU137227 Mobile 17 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2647
JSU
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
AUA000013314 Russell 18 AUG 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5360
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
AUA000013307 Macon 10 SEP 1981 DLAMINI, GIDEON M.
AU14
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
AUA000013301 Geneva 2 MAY 1953 EDEN, JR., THOMAS M.
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
SAMF0003031 Baldwin 03 Jun 2015 Davenport, L. J.
5810
SAMF
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Pursh
UWAL0012811 Macon 09 Jun 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
1176
UWAL
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
UNA00026953 Mobile 23 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
1024
UNA
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
TROY000030908 Macon 17 Jul 1980 Gideon M Dlamini
AU1
TROY
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
USAM000006314 Mobile 25 May 1970 Olga Hackney
s.n.
USAM
Daubentonia punicea (Cavanilles) de Candolle
UWAL0005505 Butler 08 May 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22052
UWAL
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
TROY000035403 Henry 25 Jul 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23191
TROY
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
UWAL0004759 Sumter 22 Aug 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6145
UWAL
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
AUA000013295 Conecuh 10 SEP 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
USAM000006319 Baldwin 20 Aug 1979 Michel G. Lelong
10913
USAM
Daubentonia punicea (Cavanilles) de Candolle
SAMF0001821 Covington 06 Aug 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4459
SAMF
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
AUA000013316 Russell 6 AUG 1981 DLAMINI, GIDEON M.
AU4
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
USAM000006313 Mobile 17 May 1970 D. G. Freeland
19
USAM
Daubentonia punicea (Cavanilles) de Candolle
UNA00026959 Houston 11 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
525
UNA
Daubentonia punicea (Cav.) DC.
UNA00026962 Washington 5 Aug 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8108
UNA
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
AUA000013310 Mobile 2 JUN 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
47116
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
TROY000005559 Covington 17 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13314
TROY
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
UWAL0015469 Baldwin 04 Jun 2014 England, J. Kevin
4908
UWAL
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
SAMF0001819 Sumter 22 Aug 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6145
SAMF
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
USAM000006318 Mobile 10 Aug 1974 Michel G. Lelong
8119
USAM
Daubentonia punicea (Cavanilles) de Candolle
USAM000006312 Mobile 19 May 1969 Kleo Hill
20
USAM
Daubentonia punicea (Cavanilles) de Candolle
AUA000013305 Lee 14 AUG 1981 DLAMINI, GIDEON M.
AU6
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
AUA000013306 Lee 26 JUL 1972 EUDALY, EDWIN M.
142
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
AUA000013313 Pike 24 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4855
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
AUA000038545 Lee 31 Jul 1973 DOBBS, HALEY
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
UNA00056694 Perry 25 Apr 1995 Michelle Birk
703
UNA
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
TROY000030909 Lee 06 Aug 1981 Gideon M. Dlamini
AU5
TROY
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
USAM000006315 Wilcox 26 May 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6515
USAM
Daubentonia punicea (Cavanilles) de Candolle
TROY000032937 Montgomery 15 Aug 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22421
TROY
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
UWAL0007046 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3947
UWAL
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
TROY000034158 Sumter 22 Aug 2010 Brian R. Keener
6145
TROY
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
AUA000013297 Crenshaw 11 JUL 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9655
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
USAM000006316 Mobile 21 May 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4616.2
USAM
Daubentonia punicea (Cavanilles) de Candolle
UNA00068873 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Brian R. Keener
3947
UNA
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
AUA000013317 Russell 20 SEP 1981 DLAMINI, GIDEON M.
AU27
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
AUA000013291 Baldwin 11 JUL 1970 ROGERS, NORMAN
079
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
UNA00026961 Wilcox 26 May 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6515
UNA
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
AUA000013296 Covington 23 MAY 1979 JOHNSON, KENNETH G.
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
TROY000032494 Butler 08 May 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22052
TROY
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
AUA000013312 Mobile 19 OCT 1922 CARY, C. A.
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
JSU137226 Mobile 17 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2647
JSU
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
AUA000013299 Escambia 28 APR 1999 SEARCY, DARRYL
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
UNA00057980 Dale 12 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13167
UNA
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
AUA000013308 Macon 20 SEP 1981 DLAMINI, GIDEON M.
AU25
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
AUA000013293 Barbour 23 OCT 2001 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-17)
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
AUA000013303 Lee MAY 1950 RICHARDS, HELEN
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
UNA00026964 Wilcox 23 Oct 1977 Robert R. Haynes
6393
UNA
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.
JSU139947 Baldwin 25 Jul 2012 T. Wayne Barger
SP745
JSU
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
UWAL0005480 Butler 05 May 2011 Webb, Wayne
s.n.
UWAL
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
AUA000013302 Houston 30 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
488
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
AUA000028208 Macon 9 JUN 2013 BARGER, T. WAYNE
SP1176
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
JSU137228 Mobile 17 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2647
JSU
Sesbania punicea (Cavanilles) Bentham
AUA000013300 Geneva 1 MAY 1953 SCOTT, C. E.
AUA
SESBANIA PUNICEA (CAV.) BENTH.
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